A large indoor tidal mud-flat ecosystem

  • P. A. W. J. de Wilde
  • B. R. Kuipers
Tidal Ecosystems


This paper presents a technical description and some preliminary results of a relatively large experimental tidal mud-flat ecosystem, constructed in parallel set-ups in the experimental aquarium of the Nederlands Instituut voor Onderzoek der Zee (NIOZ). The system was build in 1975, filled with sea-water and natural sediment from a typicalArenicola marina habitat. After introducing micro-phytobenthos and juvenileA. marina, the development in both systems, without correcting interventions, were followed for about two years. Studies on nutrient concentrations and organic matter, primary productivity, fluctuations in biomass, density of secondary producers and activity of micro-organisms reveal the systems to be self-pertaining and fairly stable. The study of assemblages of hardy inhabitants of the stressful intertidal environment seems to be a promising starting point for further micro-system research.


Biomass Organic Matter Waste Water Water Management Water Pollution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Literature Cited

  1. Baumfalk, Y. A., 1977. Heterogeneous grainsize distribution produced by bioturbation activity of the European lugwormArenicola marina. L. Int. Rep. N.I.O.Z., 1–15 (mimeogr.).Google Scholar
  2. Becht, H. Y., 1977. De warmtehuishouding van een waddengebied. Int. Rep. N.I.O.Z., 1–120 (mimeogr.).Google Scholar
  3. Blok, J. W. de, 1975. The Texel aquarium. Neth. J. Sea Res.9, 231–242.Google Scholar
  4. Ringelberg, J., 1976. The possibilities of a new kind of micro-ecosystem in the aquatic ecosystem research. Hydrobiol. Bull.10, 17–18.Google Scholar
  5. Straaten, L. M. J. U. van, 1952. Biogene textures and the formation of shell beds in the Dutch Wadden Sea. Proc. K. Ned. Akad. Wet. (B)55, 500–516.Google Scholar
  6. Taub, F. B., 1974. Closed ecological systems. R. A. Rev. Ecol. Syst.5, 139–160.Google Scholar
  7. Vosjan, J. H. & Olanczuk-Neyman, K. M., 1977. Vertical distribution of mineralization. Neth. J. Sea Res.11, 14–23.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Biologische Anstalt Helgoland 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. A. W. J. de Wilde
    • 1
  • B. R. Kuipers
    • 1
  1. 1.Netherlands Institute for Sea ResearchTexelThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations