Tumour necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-2 in plasma from rheumatoid arthritis patients in relation to disease activity
- 47 Downloads
Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) are potential immunological mediators of pathogenetic changes in rheumatoid arthritis. We measured the concentrations of TNFα and IL-2 in plasma from 2 groups of patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA). One group had high and one had low disease activity. In addition, in connection with steroid treatment in the high disease activity group, TNFα was significantly increased in plasma from RA patients with high disease activity compared with those of low disease activity (p=0.0009). Furthermore, TNFα decreased significantly in relation to steroid medication, parallel to clinical improvement (p=0.016). All IL-2 concentration measurements were within the estimated normal range. The increased TNFα plasma levels in patients with rheumatoid arthritis with high disease activity, might result from activated white mononuclear cells in the inflamed joints. This might, in part, support the theory that TNFα is a possible mediator of pathogenetic changes known to occur in rheumatoid arthritis.
Key wordsTumour Necrosis Factor Alpha Interleukin-2 Rheumatoid Arthritis
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 5.Duff, G.W. Peptide regulatory factors in non-malignant disease. Lancet 1989, 24, 1 (8652), 1432–1435.Google Scholar
- 6.Dalton, B.J., Connor, J.R., Johnson, W.J. Interleukin-1 induces Interleukin-1 alpha and Interleukin-1 beta gene expression in synovial fibroblasts and peripheral blood monocytes. Arthritis Rheum 1989, 3, 279–287.Google Scholar
- 12.Franchimont, P., Reuter, A., Vrindts-Gevaert, Y., Bastings, M., Malaise, M., Sondag, C., Frere, M.-C., Gysen, P. Production of tumor necrosis factor, interferon-gamma and interleukin-2 by peripheral blood mononuclear cells of subjects suffering from rheumatoid arthritis. Scand J Rheumatol 1988, 17, 203–212.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- 13.Kitas, G.D., Salmon, M., Allan, I.M., Bacon, P.A. The T-cell system in rheumatoid arthritis: Activated or defective. Scand J Rheumatol 1988, 76, 161–173.Google Scholar