Plant and Soil

, Volume 109, Issue 2, pp 277–280 | Cite as

Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal spore production as influenced by plant species

  • J. E. Struble
  • H. D. Skipper
Article

Abstract

The effect of plant species on vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungal spore production was compared using corn, bahiagrass, soybean, and sudangrass as the nurse crops. The VAM endophytes wereGlomus claroideum, Gl. etunicatum, Gl. mosseae, Gl. macrocarpum, andGigaospore margarita. At 14 weeks after planting (WAP), spore production byGl. claroideum, Gl. etunicatum, Gl. mosseae, andGl. macrocarpum was greater with bahiagrass than with corn or sudangrass. There were no differences between bahiagrass or sudangrass withG. margarita at 14 WAP. Soybean was not a suitable host plant for VAM spore increase. The general ranking of plant species was bahiagrass > corn ≫ sudangrass≫≫ soybeans.

Key words

plant species spore production vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bagyaraj D J and Manjunath A 1980 Selection of a suitable host for mass production of VA mycorrhizal inoculum. Plant and Soil 55, 495–498.Google Scholar
  2. Daft M J and El-Giahmi A A 1978 Effect of arbuscular mycorrhiza on plant growth. VIII. Effects of defoliation and light on selected hosts. New Phytol. 80, 365–372.Google Scholar
  3. Daniels Hetrick B A and Bloom J 1986 The influence of host plant on production and colonization ability of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal spores. Mycologia 78, 32–36.Google Scholar
  4. Daniels B A and Skipper H D 1982 Methods for the recovery and quantitative estimation of propagules from soil.In Methods and Principles of Mycorrhizal Research. Ed. N C Schenck. pp 29–35. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN.Google Scholar
  5. Ferguson J J 1981 Inoculation Production and Field Application of Vesicular-arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of California, Riverside. 117 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Ferguson J J and Woodhead S H 1982 Production of Endomycorrhizal Inoculum. A. Increase and maintenance of Vesicular-arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi.In Methods and Principles of Mycorrhizal Research. Ed. N C Schenck. pp 47–54. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN.Google Scholar
  7. Furlan V and Fortin J A 1977 Effects of light intensity on the formation of vesicular-arbuscular endomycorrhizas onAllium cepa byGigaspora calospora. New Phytol. 79, 335–340.Google Scholar
  8. Gerdemann J W and Nicolson T H 1963 Spores of mycorrhizal Endogone extracted from soil by wet sieving and decanting. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 46, 235–244.Google Scholar
  9. Gerdemann J W and Trapper J M 1974 The Endogonaceae in the Pacific Northwest. Mycol. Mem. 5, 1–76.Google Scholar
  10. Gilmore A E 1968 Phycomycetous mycorrhizal organisms collected by open pot culture methods. Hilgardia 39, 87–105.Google Scholar
  11. Kormanik P P, Bryan W C and Schultz R C 1980 Increasing endomycorrhizal fungus inoculum in forest nursery soil with cover crops. S. J. Appl. For. 4, 151–153.Google Scholar
  12. Kormanik P P and McGraw A C 1982 Quantification of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza in plant roots.In Methods and Principles of Mycorrhizal Research. Ed. N C Schenck. pp 37–45. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN.Google Scholar
  13. Mosse B 1959 The regular germination of resting spores and some observations on the growth requirements of anEndogone sp. causing vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 42, 272–286.Google Scholar
  14. Phillips J M and Hayman D S 1970 Improved procedure for clearing roots and staining parasitic and vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for rapid assessment of infection. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 55, 158–161.Google Scholar
  15. Sloger C 1969 Symbiotic effectiveness of N2 fixation in nodulated soybeans. Plant Physiol. 44, 1666–1668.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. E. Struble
    • 1
  • H. D. Skipper
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy and SoilsClemson UniversityClemsonUSA

Personalised recommendations