Health Care Analysis

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 131–137 | Cite as

The borders of health promotion—A response to nordenfelt

  • Alan Cribb
Original Papers The Philosophy of Health Promotion Response


Nordenfelt has presented a very useful philosophical analysis of the nature and ethics of health promotion. The first section of this paper is a response to the starting point of that analysis—the equation of health promotion with health promotion action. It is argued that this starting point leads to a serious ambiguity, and that this ambiguity is characteristic of other writing about health promotion, including that of the WHO. The second section of this paper explores the implications of this ambiguity, as it appears in the wider health promotion literature, for drawing the borders of health promotion.


Health Promotion Promotion Action Philosophical Analysis Health Promotion Action Wide Health 
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  1. 1.
    Nordenfelt, L. (1993). On the nature and ethics of health promotion. An attempt at a systematic analysis.Health Care Analysis 1 (2), 121–130.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Seedhouse, D. (1986).Health: The Foundations for Achievement. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    WHO (1986). A discussion document on the concept and principles of health promotion.Health Promotion 1 (1), 73–76.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nordenfelt, L. (1987).On the Nature of Health. D. Reidel, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Adepartment of Health (1992).The Health of the Nation. HMSO, London.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    WHO (1986).Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. World Health Organization and Health and Welfare, Ontario, Canada.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan Cribb
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Educational StudiesKing's College London, University of LondonUK

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