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Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 153–163 | Cite as

Potentials of biodegraded cashew pomace for cake baking

  • B. I. Aderiye
  • S. O. Igbedioh
  • S. A. Caurie
Article

Abstract

The use of biodegraded cashew pomace processed into flour for cake baking was investigated. The physico-chemical changes during the submerged fermentation of the pomace and the organoleptic qualities of the composite cake were also monitored. There was an increase of about 50% in protein content of the pomace after 96h of fermentation. However, a reduction of about 61% in the total microbial count after 24h was due to the toxic effect of the organic acids on the microbial cells during fermentation. The cashew flour had high crude fibre (ca. 20–33%) and carbohydrate (ca. 16–47%) values. The composite cake made from a 10:90 combination of 96h-degraded cashew flour/wheat flour respectively was the most accepted. The cake which had a specific volume of 0.53 ml/g lost 11.1% moisture when 38 g of its batter was exposed to 190°C for 10 minutes. This cake had a calorie value of 293.8/100 g and may be useful in feeding diabetic patients who require low carbohydrate foods.

Key words

submerged fermentation cashew pomace composite flour 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. I. Aderiye
    • 2
  • S. O. Igbedioh
    • 3
  • S. A. Caurie
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Food Science and TechnologyUniversity of AgricultureMakurdiNigeria
  2. 2.Dept. of Applied MicrobiologyOndo State UniversityAdo-EkitiNigeria
  3. 3.Dept. of Home EconomicsUniversity of AgricultureMakurdiNigeria

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