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Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 89–100 | Cite as

Nutrient composition and anti-nutritional factors in selected vegetable soybean (Glycine Max [L.] Merr.)

  • Ali I. Mohamed
  • Tadesse Mebrahtu
  • M. Rangappa
Article

Abstract

The genetic variation in the nutrient composition and anti-nutritional factors of 17 vegetable soybean genotypes were determined and a wide variation in protein %, total phosphorus (TPi) and available phosphorus (AP) was found among these genotypes. Variations in Ca, K, Fe, Mn, and Cu were also documented. Variation was also found for trypsin inhibitor (TI) activity and Phytate (PA) content. A highly significant and negative correlation (r=−0.533,P<0.01) was observed between TI and total protein. Strong positive correlation (r=0.90) was also found between TPi and AP. Several genotypes (Sooty, Emperor, Wilson-5, PI 416771, PI 417322) showed good nutritional potential and can be used in the breeding program. High protein %, TPi, and minerals are desirable qualities for vegetable-type soybeans that make it as food with high nutrient density. Studies on the nutritional evaluation of immature vegetable type soybean seeds at different reproductive stages are also underway.

Key words

soybean (Glycine max. [L.] Merr.) vegetable protein content trypsin inhibitors phytate and minerals genetic variation 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali I. Mohamed
    • 1
  • Tadesse Mebrahtu
    • 1
  • M. Rangappa
    • 1
  1. 1.Cooperative State Research Service (CSRS)Virginia State UniversityPetersburgUSA

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