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Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 165–177 | Cite as

Peanut as a source of protein for human foods

  • B. Singh
  • U. Singh
Article

Abstract

Peanut has traditionally been used as a source, of oil; however, its worldwide annual protein harvest has reached nearly 4.5 million tons. India followed by China and the United States are the major producers of peanut. In recent years, several cereals and legumes-based foods using peanuts as protein supplements have been developed to alleviate protein caloriesmalnutrition problem. Peanut in the form of flour, protein isolates, and meal in a mixed product have been found to be very desirable from a sensory quality point of view. Peanut protein is deficient with respect to certain essential amino acids, but its true digestibility is comparable with that of animal protein. Even though various processing methods influence the nutritional and sensory quality of peanut fortified human foods available information on these aspects have been reviewed and summarised in this paper in order to optimize the utilization of peanut protein to increase protein value of cereal-based foods in developing countries of the peanut growing regions, of the world.

Key words

peanut peanut protein peanut fortified foods 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Singh
    • 1
  • U. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Food ScienceAlabama A & M UniversityNormalUSA

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