Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 31–36 | Cite as

Effect of saline soil on grain quality of rices differing in salinity tolerance

  • Julie Joy H. Siscar-Lee
  • Bienvenido O. Juliano
  • Riaz H. Qureshi
  • Muhammad Akbar
Article

Abstract

Four varieties of rice, differing in salinity tolerance and grown in saline soil (electrical conductivity 5–6 dS/m) at Sadhoke, Punjab, Pakistan, had lighter grain and higher Na content than control samples. Grains of three out of the four rices grown on saline soils had higher brown rice protein (higher nutritional value), less translucent grain, lower starch and amylose content, and lower K than their control samples, but these differences were not related to salinity tolerance. Alkali spreading value and gel consistency were not affected by culture in saline soil. Cooked rice Instron hardness increased in saline culture in two higher-protein samples of the four rices. Amylograph peak viscosity was suppressed by saline culture.

Key words

soil salinity grain quality rice protein 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bhattacharya RK (1976) Promising rice selections suited to coastal saline soils. J Soc Exp Agric 1: 21–24Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cagampang GB, Perez CM, Juliano BO (1973) A gel consistency test for eating quality of rice. J Sci Food Agric 24: 1589–1594Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dubois M, Gilles KA, Hamilton JK, Rebers PA, Smith F (1956) Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Anal Chem 28: 350–356Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Duncan DB (1955) Multiple range and multiple F-tests. Biometrics 11: 1–42Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    International Rice Research Institute (1980) Annual Report for 1979. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines, pp. 25–38Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Juliano BO, El-Shirbeeny AE (1981) Physicochemical properties of Egyptian rice grown in saline and nonsaline soils. Abstracts First National Congress of Biochemistry, Cairo, 1981, pp. 105–106Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Juliano BO, Pascual CG (1980) Quality characteristics of milled rice grown in different countries. IRRI Res Paper Ser 48. 25 pGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Juliano BO, Oñate LU, del Mundo AM (1965) Relation of starch composition, protein content, and gelatinization temperature to cooking and eating qualities of milled rice. Food Technol 19: 116–121Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Juliano BO, Perez CM, Blakeney AB, Castillo DT, Kongseree N, Laignelet B, Lapis ET, Murty VVS, Paule CM, Webb BD (1981) International cooperative testing on the amylose content of milled rice. Starch 33: 157–162Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Juliano BO, Perez CM, Alyoshin EP, Romanov VB, Bean MM, Nishita KD, Blakeney AB, Welsh LA, Delgado LL, El Baya AW, Fossati G, Kongseree N, Mendes VP, Brilhante G, Suzuki H, Tada M, Webb BD (1985) Cooperative test on amylography of milled rice flour for pasting characteristics and starch gelatinization temperature. Starch 37: 40–50Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Little RR, Hilder GB, Dawson EH (1958) Differentiated effect of dilute alkali on 25 varieties of milled white rice. Cereal Chem 35: 111–126Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Murty KS, Narasinga Rao C (1965) Studies on salt tolerance in rice. I. Effect of salt concentration on yield and chemical composition of rice. Oryza 2: 87–92Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Murty KS, Narasinga Rao C (1967) Studies on salt tolerance in rice. II. Effect of different anions of sodium on yield and nitrogen content of rice. Oryza 4: 42–47Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Peiris BD, Siegel SM, Senadhira D (1988) Chemical characteristics of grains of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivated in saline media of varying ionic composition. J Exp Bot 39: 623–631Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Resurreccion AP, Juliano BO, Tanaka Y (1979) Nutrient content and distribution in milling fractions of rice grain. J Sci Food Agric 30: 475–481Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julie Joy H. Siscar-Lee
    • 1
  • Bienvenido O. Juliano
    • 1
  • Riaz H. Qureshi
    • 3
  • Muhammad Akbar
    • 2
  1. 1.Cereal Chemistry DepartmentInternational Rice Research InstituteLos Baños, LagunaPhilippines
  2. 2.International Rice Testing ProgramInternational Rice Research InstituteLos Baños, LagunaPhilippines
  3. 3.University of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan

Personalised recommendations