Combined effects of cadmium, copper and lead on developing herring eggs and larvae

  • H. v. Westernhagen
  • V. Dethlefsen
  • H. Rosenthal


Eggs of Baltic herring were incubated (10°C; 16‰S) in sea water containing mixtures of Cd, Cu and Pb at concentrations of 0.56–5.0, 0.0167–0.15, 0.56–5.0 mg metal/l; embryonic survival until hatching, viable hatch and uptake of metals by embryos and early larvae were measured. Negative effects of metals on embryonic survival and viable hatch were additive in the case of Cu and Cd. Pb did not exer detrimental effects. Uptake of metals with exposure time was non-linear in eggs and linear in larvae. Total uptake of Cu and Cd by eggs was subjected to antagonistic or synergistic action of the other two metals present. Accumulation of Pb by eggs was enhanced when Cu was also present.


Copper Waste Water Cadmium Water Management Water Pollution 
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Copyright information

© Biologischen Anstalt Helgoland 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. v. Westernhagen
    • 1
  • V. Dethlefsen
    • 2
  • H. Rosenthal
    • 1
  1. 1.Biologische Anstalt Helgoland (Zentrale)Hamburg 50Germany
  2. 2.Toxikologisches Laboratorium CuxhavenBundesforschungsanstalt für FischereiCuxhavenGermany

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