International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 137–145 | Cite as

Influence of aging in the thermoregulatory efficiency of man

  • Lazar Mathew
  • S. S. Purkayastha
  • R. Singh
  • J. Sen Gupta


Studies were carried out to evaluate the effect of aging on the thermoregulatory efficiency in man. The efficiency of thermoregulatory system was assessed on the basis of tolerance to acute cold stress, Tromp test and cold induced vasodilatation (CIVD) response. The experiments were done in 9 groups (15 each) of human volunteers in the age ranges of 20–25, 26–30, 31–35, 36–40, 41–45, 46–50, 51–55, 56–60 and 61–70 years. They were made to relax in a thermoneutral laboratory (27 ± 1‡C) for one hour; thereafter their resting heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen consumption, oral, mean skin, mean body and peripheral temperatures were measured. Then they were exposed to cold (10‡C) in a cold chamber wearing shorts and vests for two hours. The above parameters and shivering responses were recorded at 30 min intervals during cold exposures. On other occasions, their thermoregulatory efficiency test (Tromp Test) and cold induced vasodilatation response were also studied in the same thermoneutral laboratory. The results showed comparatively poor cold tolerance and thermoregulatory efficiency in elderly people. The middle aged category (above 40 years) showed a gradual reduction in the thermoregulatory efficiency, but highly significant reduction was noticed in those who exceeded sixty years of age.


Oxygen Consumption Elderly People Cold Stress Cold Tolerance Human Volunteer 
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Copyright information

© Swets & Zeitlinger 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lazar Mathew
  • S. S. Purkayastha
  • R. Singh
  • J. Sen Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied SciencesDelhi CanttIndia

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