, Volume 83, Issue 3, pp 461–464 | Cite as

The temperature dependence of the acute toxicity of copper to a freshwater pond snail, Viviparus bengalensis L.

  • P. K. Gupta
  • B. S. Khangarot
  • V. S. Durve


Static bioassays with copper (as CuSO4 · 5H2O) were conducted in laboratory with a freshwater pond snailViviparus bengalensis, at different environmental temperatures. The 96 hr LC50 values in ppm of Cu were 0.060 at 32.5 °C; 0.066 at 24 °C; 0.09 at 27.3 °C and 0.39 at 20.3 °C. In higher copper concentrations some behavioural changes such as secretion of mucus, discharge of eggs and embryos were noted. The results indicate that toxicity to copper increases with temperature increase.


snail copper toxicity temperature dependence testing 


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Copyright information

© W. Junk Publishers 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. K. Gupta
    • 1
  • B. S. Khangarot
    • 2
  • V. S. Durve
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Limnology and FisheriesUniversity of UdaipurUdaipurIndia
  2. 2.Postgraduate Department of ZoologyBhupal Nobles' CollegeUdaipurIndia

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