Plant and Soil

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 629–636 | Cite as

Migration of ions in soils II. Movement of Mn54 from surface application of manganese sulphate in soil columns

  • B. R. Singh


When surface-applied MnSO4 labelled with Mn54 was leached with rain water equivalent to 300 mm precipitation, Mn moved to a depth of 18 cm in soil A and throughout the whole of soil B, although a higher concentration of Mn was retained by the upper 3 cm of soil. A similar pattern but with relatively higher concentrations at depths below 3 cm resulted on leaching with water equivalent to 1200 mm of precipitation. With alternate leaching and drying, the depth of penetration of Mn increased to 24 cm in soil A, and relatively greater amounts of Mn moved to depths below 15 cm in soil B. The presence of Zn cation had no appreciable effect on the distribution of Mn in soil columns. Exchangeable Mn displayed distribution patterns similar to total Mn. The percentage of the CEC occupied by Mn in the upper 3 cm averaged 24 and 5% in soils A and B when Mn was applied alone. This decreased to 11% in soil A and remained unchanged in soil B when Mn was applied in combination with Zn. Exchangeable Ca and Mg were lowest in the upper 3 cm, and then increased to a depth of 6 to 9 cm, becoming nearly uniform lower down in both soils. Mn movement in soil not only depends on CEC and clay content, but also involves other factors such as water-flow-rate, pH, migration of clay fractions and oxidation reduction conditions.


Oxidation Precipitation Clay Migration Manganese 
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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. R. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Soil ScienceAgricultural University of NorwayÅsNorway

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