Advertisement

International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 225–230 | Cite as

Body temperature responses of Savanna Brown goat to the harmattan and hot-dry season

  • M. O. Igono
  • E. C. I. Molokwu
  • Y. O. Aliu
Article

Abstract

Rectal and vaginal temperature responses of the Savanna Brown goat indigenous to the Nigerian guinea savanna were determined during the harmattan and the hot-dry season. Measurements were made at 06:00h and at 14:00h after 8h exposure to field conditions. At the 06:00h measurements during the harmattan, all animals were observed to shiver. A significant (P<0.01) positive correlation was found between rectal (Tre) and vaginal temperatures. During the harmattan, mean Tre was 38.2‡C at 06:00h and 39.7‡C at 14:00h; the mean difference, δTre was 1.5‡C. During the hot-dry season, Tre at 06:00h was 38.1‡C, and at 14:00h, 38.7; δTre was 0.6‡C. It is concluded that the harmattan is thermally more stressful than the hot-dry season and that passive thermolability may not be an important mechanism in the Savanna Brown goat in adaptation to thermal stress.

Keywords

Plant Physiology Body Temperature Thermal Stress Field Condition Temperature Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. ADEMOSUN, A. A. (1973): The development of the livestock industry in Nigeria-Ruminants.Proc. Agric. Soc. Niger., 10: 13–20.Google Scholar
  2. ADU, I. F., BUVANENDRAN, V., and LAKPINI, C. A. M. (1979): The reproductive performance of the Red Sokoto goat of Nigeria.J. agr. Sci. (Camb.), 93: 563–567.Google Scholar
  3. APPLEMAN, R. D. and DELOUCHE, J. C. (1958): Behavioural, physiological and biochemical responses of goats to temperature.J. anim. Sci., 17: 326–335.Google Scholar
  4. ARMITAGE, P. (1971): Statistical Methods in Medical Research. Blackwell, Oxford, 99–159.Google Scholar
  5. ATTAH, M. Y. (1977): Water Metabolism in Indigenous Cattle, Sheep and Goats in Nigeria, Ahmadu Bello University, Ph.D. Thesis, 179 pp.Google Scholar
  6. BIANCA, W. (1976): The significance of meteorology in animal production.Int. J. Biometeor., 20: 139–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. BIANCA, W. and KUNZ, P. (1978): Physiological reactions of three breeds of goats to cold, heat and high altitude.Livest. Prod. Sci., 5: 57–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. BLIGH, J. (1970): Species differences in the tolerance of meteorological stress due to differences in function of organisms. In: Biometeorology 4, Part 1, 149–156, Suppl. vol. 14 Int. J. Biometeor.Google Scholar
  9. BLIGH, J., INGRAM, D. L., KEYNES, R. D., and ROBINSON, S. G. (1965): The deep body temperature of an unrestrained Welsh Mountain sheep recorded by a radiotelemetric technique during a 12-month period.J. Physiol. (Lond.), 176: 136–144.Google Scholar
  10. EYAL, E. (1963): Shorn and unshorn Awassi sheep. I. Body temperature.J. agr. Sci. (Camb.)., 60: 159–168.Google Scholar
  11. IGONO, M. O. and ALIU, Y. O. (1982): Environmental profile and milk production of Friesian-Zebu crosses in Nigerian Guinea Savanna.Int. J. Biometeor., 26: 115–120.Google Scholar
  12. JOHNSON, K. G. (1971): Body temperature lability in sheep and goats during short-term exposure to heat and cold.J. agr. Sci. (Camb.), 77: 267–272.Google Scholar
  13. MOLOKWU, E. C. I. and IGONO, M. O. (1978): Reproductive performance and pattern in the Brown goat of Nigerian Savanna Zone.Proc. 4th Wld. Conf. Anim. Prod. 2: 578–590.Google Scholar
  14. QUARTERMAIN, A. R. and BROADBENT, M. P. (1974): Some patterns of responses to climate by the Zambian goat.E. Afri. Agric. For. J., 40: 115–124.Google Scholar
  15. SCHOEN, A. (1968): Studies on the water-balance of the East African goat.E. Afri. Agric. For. J., 34: 256–262.Google Scholar
  16. SHANKLIN, M. D., HAN, G. L., JOHNSON, H. D., and BROWN, W. H. (1967): Rate of rectal temperature rise as indicator of heat sensitivity. In: Biometeorology 3, p. 245, Suppl. vol. 11, Int. J. Biometeor.Google Scholar
  17. VAN RAAY, H. G. T. and DE LEEUW, P. N. (1974): Fodder resources and grazing management in a Savanna environment: ecosystem approach.Occasional Papers, No. 45. 31 pp. Institute of Social Studies, the Hague, Netherlands.Google Scholar
  18. YOUSEF, M. K. (1976): Thermoregulation in wild ungulates. In:Progress in Animal Biometeorology. H. D. Johnson (ed). Vol. 1. Part 1 108–122. Swets and Zeitlinger, Amsterdam.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Swets & Zeitlinger B.V. 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. O. Igono
    • 1
  • E. C. I. Molokwu
  • Y. O. Aliu
    • 2
  1. 1.ColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineAhmadu Bello UniversityZariaNigeria

Personalised recommendations