Effects of hyperthermia on enzymes and electrolytes in blood and cerebrospinal fluid in dogs

Abstract

The effects of exposure to various degrees of heat stress on serum glutamate—oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT), serum glutamate-pyruvate transaminase (SGPT), alkaline phosphatase (ALK-P-ase), calcium and chlorides have been studied on 75 dogs. Rectal temperature (Tre) was recorded before and after exposure to heat stress. These dogs were divided into 5 groups, according to the Tre level attained after exposure to heat stress. Rectal temperature was raised from normal to 39.45±0.47‡C in the first group, to 40.93±0.17‡C in the second group, to 41.87±0.22‡C in the third group, to 42.90 ± 0.21‡C in the fourth group and to 43.93±0.19‡C in the fifth group. The concentration of enzymes SGOT, SGPT and ALK-P-ase in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) increased significantly with hyperthermia. Calcium and chlorides concentrations in blood and in CSF tended to increase in hyperthermia. The integrity of the blood brain barrier for these enzymes and calcium is maintained under mild hyperthermia but it breaks down partially under influence of more severe hyperthermia. Core temperature above 41‡C results in damage to tissues and consequential rise of plasma enzymes. This degree of hyperthermia also seems to mark the beginning of injury to blood brain barrier. Critical core temperature tolerated by 50% of animals was 44‡C.

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Deswal, K., Chohan, I.S. Effects of hyperthermia on enzymes and electrolytes in blood and cerebrospinal fluid in dogs. Int J Biometeorol 25, 227–233 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02184523

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Keywords

  • Enzyme
  • Glutamate
  • Blood Brain Barrier
  • Heat Stress
  • Chloride Concentration