Advertisement

Plant and Soil

, Volume 66, Issue 3, pp 329–338 | Cite as

Investigations into the soil mycoecology of Chambal ravines of India

I. Fungal communities and seasonal succession
  • I. J. Joshi
  • R. K. S. Chauhan
Article

Summary

The present investigation deals with the seasonal succession of fungal communities in wheat fields. The studies were performed during the year 1975–76 and involved four study seasons,viz. winter (1975), summer (1975), rainy (1975) and winter (1976). The observations during two winter seasons were done to find out whether or not fungal communities exhibit definite cyclic pattern. Of the 69 isolated species, 25 showed wider ecological amplitude whereas some species were specific of a particular season. Each season was marked by different fungal mycoflora. The population ofAspergillus terreus, a dominant member of the community, along with many other autochthonous species, exhibited a definite periodicity during various seasons. Seasonal variations in the fungal communities, variations in the extent of similarity among the fungal communities during various seasons and the impact of climatic conditions on the components of fungal communities are discussed.

Key words

Ecological amplitude Fungal community Importance value index Seasonal succession Soil micro-environment 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Alexander M 1971 Microbial ecology. J. Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Badura L 1960 Badania nad mikroflora sciolki i gelby lasu szpilkowege ze zboeza Raduni (Sepia Cora). Acta. Microbiol. Polon. 9, 33–58.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Brown J C 1958 Soil fungi of some British sand dunes in relation to soil type and succession. J. Ecol. 46, 641–664.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cohen C 1949 Fungi as indicators of soil conditions. Nature London 164, 408–409.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Curtis J T and Cottom G 1962 Plant ecology Workbook-Laboratory, field and reference manual. Burgess Publ. Co. Minneapolis, Minn., U.S.A.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Curtis J T and McIntosh R P 1951 An upland forest continuum in the prairie-forest border region of Wisconsin. Ecology 32, 476–496.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Domsch K H 1960 Das Pilzspektrum einer Bodenprobe. Arch. Microbiol. 35, 181–195.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    England C M and Rice J T 1957 A comparison of the soil fungi of a tall grass prairie and of an abandoned field in Central Oklahoma. Bot. Gaz. 118, 186–190.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Garrett S D 1955 Microbial ecology of the soil. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 38, 1–9.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Garrett S D 1956 Biology of root infecting fungi. Cambridge Univ. Press, London.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Garrett S D 1963 Soil fungi and soil fertility. Oxford Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Guillemat J and Montegut J 1958 Troisième contribution á l'étude de la microflora fongique des sols cultives. Ann. Epiphyt. 9, 27–54.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    MacLeod R A 1965 The question of the existance of specific marine Bacteria. Bacteriol. Rev. 29, 9–23.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mallik M A B and Rice E I 1966 Relation between soil fungi and seed plant in three successional forests communities in Oklahoma. Bot. Gaz. 127, 120–127.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Martin J P 1950 Use of acid, rose bengal and streptomycin in the plate method for estimating soil fungi. Soil Sci. 69, 215–232.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Park D 1968 The ecology of terrestrial fungi.In The Fungi, Vol. III. pp 5–39. Eds. G C Ainswarth and A S Sussman. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Peyronel B 1956 Considerazioni sulle microcenosi e sui metodi per studiarle. Allionia 3, 85–109.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Prakash D and Khan A M 1971 Fungal populations in the sugarcane soils I. J. Indian Bot. Soc. 50, 153–157.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Saksena S B 1955 Ecological factors governing distribution of soil microfungi in some forest soils of Sagar. J. Indian Bot. Soc. 24, 262–298.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sappa F 1955 La microflora del ferreno quale elemento strutturale delle comunita Vegetalis. Allionia 2, 293–345.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Solovei E F and Sizova T P 1973 Mikroflora pochv pod Vinograduikami Moldavii. Mikol. Fitopatol. 7, 485–493.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sorensen T 1948 A method of establishing groups of equal amplitude in plant society based on similarity of species content. Dansk. Vidensk. Biol. Skr. 5, 1–34.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Tresner H D, Backus M P and Curtis J T 1954 Soil microfungi in relation to hard wood forest continuum in southern Wisconsin. Mycologia 46, 314–333.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Waksman S A 1917 Is there a fungus flora of the soil? Soil Sci. 3, 565–589.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Warcup J H 1950 The soil plate method for isolation of fungi from soil. Nature London 166, 117.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Webley D M, Eastwood D J and Gimingham C H 1952 Development of soil microflora in relation to plant succession on sand dunes including the ‘rhizosphere’ flora associated with colonizing species. J. Ecol. 40, 168–178.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Widdes P and Parkinson D 1973 Fungi from Canadian coniferous forest soils. Can. J. Bot. 51, 2275–2290.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff/Dr W. Junk Publishers 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. J. Joshi
    • 1
  • R. K. S. Chauhan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Studies in BotanyJiwaji UniversityGwaliorIndia

Personalised recommendations