Plant and Soil

, Volume 77, Issue 2–3, pp 391–394 | Cite as

Foliar chemical concentrations in red alder stands of various ages

  • D. S. DeBell
  • M. A. Radwan
Short Communications

Summary

Six stands of red alder (Alnus rubra Bong.) were sampled to assess the relationship between stand age and foliar chemical concentrations. The stands ranged in age from 9 to 45 years, and were located near Olympia, Washington, on sites of similar soil, aspect, and slope. Foliage was collected in July, and concentrations of most essential nutrients and aluminum were determined. Foliar concentrations of these elements varied among the different stands. Highest concentrations of N, P, Ca, S, Fe, and Al were found in trees of the youngest stand. Concentrations of N, P, S, and Fe were negatively correlated with stand age. The strongest correlation was obtained with P (r=−0.96,P<0.01), followed by N (r=−0.85,P=0.03). Results suggest that declining growth and deterioration of red alder stands with age may be related, at least in part, to limiting supplies of essential nutrients, especially P, N, and S.

Key words

Alder Alnus rubra Essential elements N2-fixation Nutrition Stand deterioration 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bormann B T 1977 M. S. Thesis, University of Washington.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bremner J M 1965In Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2. Ed. C A Black. Agronomy 9, 1149–1178.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Butters B and Chenery E M 1959 Analyst 84, 239–245.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chapman H D and Pratt P F 1961 Div. Agr. Sci., Univ. Calif., Berkeley, CA.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gilbert F A 1951 Bot. Rev. 17, 671–691.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Grigal D F et al. 1979 USDA For. Serv. Res. Pap. NC-168, North Central For Exp. Stn., St Paul, MN.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Henry D G 1973 Minn. For.Res. Note No. 241, Coll. For., University of Minnesota.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Langille W M and Maclean K S 1976 Plant and Soil 45, 17–26.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    McMurphy C J and Anderson H W 1968 DNR Rep. No. 14, State of Washington, Dept. nat. Resourc., Olympia.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Perkin-Elmer Corporation 1976 Perkin-Elmer Corp., Norwalk, CT.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Radwan M A and DeBell D S 1980 For. Sci. 26, 283–290.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Radwan M A et al. 1978 USDA For. Serv. Res. Pap. PNW-246, Pac. Northwest For. and Range Exp. Stn., Portland, OR.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Smith J H G 1968In Biology of Alder. Eds. J M Trappe, J F Franklin, R F Tarrant and G M Hansen. USDA Pac. Northwest For. and Range Exp. Stn., Portland, OR. p. 273–286.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tarrant R F et al. 1951 J. For. 49, 914–915.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Turner J et al. 1976 J. Ecol. 64, 965–974.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Turner J et al. 1977 Can. J. For. Res. 7, 476–480.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    van der Driessche R 1979In Forest Fertilization Conf. Proc. Eds. S P Gessel, R M Kenady, and W A Atkinson. University of Washington. p. 214–220.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff/Dr W. Junk Publishers 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. S. DeBell
    • 1
  • M. A. Radwan
    • 1
  1. 1.Forestry Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment StationUSDAOlympiaUSA

Personalised recommendations