Plant and Soil

, Volume 83, Issue 1, pp 55–63 | Cite as

Effect of liming on EUF-nutrient fractions in the soil, on nutrient contents of grape leaves and on grape yield

  • Maria Várnai
  • J. Eifert
  • L. Szöke
Article

Summary

In pot experiments with vine, liming significantly raised EUF-Ca 20°C as well as EUF-Ca 80°C values of an acid clay soil (pH 4.2). This resulted in a marked rise in Ca contents of vine leaves (Table 2). High amounts of K fertilizers without lime raised mainly the EUF-Ca 20°C values whereas the EUF-80°C values remained at a low level (Table 3). Liming lowered the EUF-K 20°C values and as a result the ratio EUF-K 80°C C/EUF-K 20°C increased from 0.7 to 1.0.

High K applications raised the K content of the leaves at flowering stage but at grape ripening a marked decrease in K content was observed (Table 5). In contrast, the application of both lime and K fertilizer raised the K content of leaves at both flowering and ripening. Grape yield increased as well (Table 11).

Liming raised the EUF-P values of the soil and to a lesser extent the P contents of leaves (Tables 6 and 7).

High K applications without lime raised the Mn contents of leaves (Table 9), Exchange processes due to K fertilizer addition were reflected in increased EUF-Mn values (Table 9).

The highest yield (three-year average) was obtained in a high K treatment (22 g K2O/pot) in combination with lime (40 g CaO/pot).

Key words

Acid soil Liming EUF-Ca EUF-K EUF-Mn EUF-P Vine leaves Leaf analysis Grape yield 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Eifert J, Füri J, Szöke L and Várnai M 1976 Praktische Ergebnisse und wissenschaftliche Probleme bei der modernen Nährstoffversorgung von Rebanlagen. Landw. Forsch. 29, 101–108.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Eifert J, Várnai M and Szöke L 1982 Application of the EUF procedure in grape production. Plant and Soil 64, 105–113.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gärtel W 1966 Über die Düngung der Reben in intensiv bewirtschafteten Weinbaugebieten. Weinberg u. Keller 7, 295–326.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kardos L T 1964 Soil fixation of plant nutrients.In Chemistry of the Soil. F E Bear (ed), Reinhold Publishing Company, New York.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Levy F 1965 Identification et étude par l'analyse foliaire de quelques carences alimentaires de la vigne dans le Midi de la France. Vignes et Vins 138, 18–29.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mengel K 1976 Ernährung und Stoffwechsel der Pflanze. Mezögazdasági Kiadó, Budapest 1–365.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Németh K 1972 The determination of desorption and solubility rates of nutrients in the soil by means of electroultrafiltration (EUF) Proc. 9th Colloq. Int. Potash Inst. Bern, 3–12.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Németh K and Recke H 1982 Reproducibility of Ca, K, Na and P contents in the different EUF fractions. Plant and Soil 64, 25–35.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Németh K, Várnai M, Szöke L and Eifert J 1983 The determination of P and K nutrients for pool-fertilization of vine by electroultrafiltration (EUF). Szölő és Bor Inform 1, 1–26.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wiklicky L and Németh K 1981 Düngungsoptimierung mittels EUF-Bodenuntersuchung bei der Zuckerrübe. Zuckerindustrie 106, 982–988.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff/Dr W. Junk Publishers 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Várnai
    • 1
  • J. Eifert
    • 2
  • L. Szöke
    • 3
  1. 1.Agrochemical Survey Station for State Farms of the Pest-Nógrád CountiesBudapestHungary
  2. 2.National Center of State Farms BudapestHungary
  3. 3.Research Institute for Viticulture and EnologyKecskemétHungary

Personalised recommendations