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Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 6, Issue 5–6, pp 533–537 | Cite as

Growth physiology of a marine nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium (Nodularia harveyana) in outdoor culture

  • B. Pushparaj
  • E. Pelosi
  • G. Torzillo
  • P. Carlozzi
  • A. Sacchi
  • R. Materassi
Article

Abstract

The performance ofNodularia harveyana, a N2-fixing cyanobacterium isolated from seawater, has been studied outdoors in two different culture systems: open pond (OP) and tubular photobioreactor (TPR). The productivity in both devices was influenced by areal density. The maximum yield obtained was 12.0 g (d.wt) m−2 day−1 in OP and 14.0 g (d.wt) m−2 day−1 in TPR in August, corresponding to the highest solar radiation received. In a month-long experiment with the cyanobacterium cultivated in TPR at high circulation speed, a net increase in productivity was obtained over that at low circulation speed. The influence of temperature on the productivity of the cultures grown in open ponds and tubular photobioreactors has been investigated. The higher productivity obtained in TPR compared to OP was attributed to its better controlled temperature conditions. In outdoor culture the maximum nitrogenase activity did not coincide with the maximum light intensity, but occurred in early afternoon. The amount of carbohydrate accumulated during the day probably influenced the rate of dark nitrogenase activity and its duration in the night.

Key words

Nodularia harveyana marine N2-fixing cyanobacteria outdoor mass culture photobioreactor nitrogenase activity 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Pushparaj
    • 1
  • E. Pelosi
    • 1
  • G. Torzillo
    • 1
  • P. Carlozzi
    • 1
  • A. Sacchi
    • 1
  • R. Materassi
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro di Studio dei Microrganismi Autotrofi del C.N.R. Piazzale delle Cascine-27FirenzeItaly

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