Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 397–403 | Cite as

Diffusion of Fe(II) from an iron propagation cage and its effect on tissue iron and pigments of macroalgae on the cage

  • K. Matsunaga
  • Y. Suzuki
  • K. Kuma
  • I. Kudo


Iron propagation cages were settled on sand and/or rock beds in coastal areas of Hokkaido. The cage was oxidized by dissolved oxygen and the released Fe(II) diffused into the seawater around the cage. Fe(II) concentrations in the range of 10–50 nM were detected within a 20-m distance around the cage. For comparison, in the Japan Sea, the total iron concentration is less than 2 nM.Laminaria japonica was grown in an indoor semi-continuous culture system. The critical Fe level for maintaining maximum growth, and the subsistence Fe level for survival were measured. The concentrations obtained were 14–21 and 8 μg Fe g−1 tissue, respectively. Iron found inL. japonica growing on rocks and/or rock beds in the Japan Sea was close to the subsistence level. However, the Fe level inL. japonica on the cage in the Japan Sea was considerably higher. The concentrations of chlorophyll-a and fucoxanthin collected from the cage were significantly higher for sporophytes, demonstrating that iron is a very important element for the growth of seaweeds.

Key words

iron propagation cage macroalgae Laminaria Fe(II) pigments 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Matsunaga
    • 1
  • Y. Suzuki
    • 1
  • K. Kuma
    • 1
  • I. Kudo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of FisheriesHokkaido UniversityHakodateJapan

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