Effect of inoculation ofAzospirillum lipoferum on nitrogen fixation in rhizosphere soil, their association with root, yield and nitrogen uptake by mustard (Brassica juncea)
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A microplot field experiment was conducted in the presence or absence of P and N application to evaluate the influence of the seed inoculation of mustard (cv. Baruna T59) withAzospirillum lipoferum on N2-fixation in rhizosphere, association of the bacteria with the roots and grain yield and N uptake. Inoculation significantly increased the N content in rhizosphere soil particularly at early stage (40 days) of plant growth, which was accompanied by the increased association of the bacteria (A. lipoferum) in rhizosphere soil, root surface washing and surface-sterilized macerated root. A significant increase in grain yield and N uptake was also observed due to inoculation. Application of P particularly at the 20 kg. ha−1 level further enhanced the beneficial effect ofAzospirillum lipoferum inoculation, while N addition markedly reduced such an effect.
Key wordsAzospirillum Mustard Nitrogen fixation Rhizosphere soil Root association Seed inoculation
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