The decomposition of tylosin fermentation waste in soil at four temperatures
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Aerobic decomposition of tylosin fermentation waste was studied by O2 uptake and CO2, NH4+ and NO3− release over 10 weeks in a light compost-soil at 3 concentrations and 4 temperatures. Comparisons of O2 uptake and CO2 release at each temperature showed that aerobic conditions were maintained in the system. Maximal rates of respiration (C mineralization) increased with temperature. At 23°C 50% of the substrate C had been mineralized in 10 weeks. At 10–15°C and at 4°C C mineralization was approximately 38% and 22% respectively. Except at 4°C mineralization had almost ceased within 10 weeks. There was evidence of a permanent inhibition of C mineralization at 10–15°C compared with 23°C, and a temporary inhibition at 10°C compared with 15°C.
At 10 weeks 25% of the N had been mineralized at 23, 15 and 10°C, while 14% had been mineralized at 4°C. The time taken to reach maximum N mineralization was reduced by increase in temperature and by 10 weeks mineralization had almost ceased at 15 and 23°C. In terms of the fertilizing effect of tylosin fermentation, 25% of the total N was available within 10 weeks at 10–23°C. Nitrification was strongly inhibited at 4 and 10°C. Both C and N mineralization were in direct proportion to the concentration of tylosin fermentation waste added to the soil.
Key WordsAntibiotic Fermentation Microbial respiration Mineralization Nitrification Temperature Tylosin Waste
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