Antimicrobial activities of polyether compounds of dinoflagellate origins
Twelve polyether compounds originating from dinoflagellates were tested for growth-inhibiting activities againstAspergillus niger, Penicillium funiculosum, Candida rugosa, Escherichia coli, Bacillus megaterium andStaphylococcus aureus by a paper disc method. These polyethers represent six groups of different skeletons and originate from three species;Prorocentrum lima, Dinophysis fortii andGambierdiscus toxicus. Potent antifungal activities were observed with okadaic acid and its two congeners, desulfated yessotoxin, and ciguatoxin but not with okadaic acid esters, prorocentrolide, pectenotoxin-1, yessotoxin, maitotoxin, and desulphated maitotoxin. The antifungal activities and mouse lethalities of the polyethers were markedly affected by slight modification of their structures. Antibacterial potency of the tested compounds was not significant.
Key wordspolyether antimicrobial activity dinoflagellate antifungals chemical modification
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