The Journal of Technology Transfer

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 99–110 | Cite as

New findings on the transfer of computing applications among cities

  • Kenneth L. Kraemer
  • John Leslie King


This paper presents a study of the concepts of transferring computer technology among city governments. A sample of cities from a domestic population and an international population are used as the basis of the research. Contrary to expectation, and for both populations, the survey indicated the level of computer applications transfer among cities was found to be low compared to the amount of total application development. It was determined that an important source of transfer information was from “centers” such as the federal government, vendors, and transfer agencies, rather than city to city. International cities that were studied seem to experience a propensity toward centralized control at the national level. These controls often include the transfer of technical information. Further, the types of transfer may vary widely between the domestic vs the international cities. That is, domestic city transfers tend to be operations-oriented, while transfers from national centers tend to be management oriented. In general the study supported prior conclusions concerning the difficulties of transfer. The problem of mismatch and difficulties in modification make transfers very risky. Even so, there are many persons willing to take the risks in order to try to achieve lower costs and to realize the opportunity to obtain sophisticated applications.


Lower Cost Economic Growth National Level Federal Government Computer Technology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Technology Transfer Society 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth L. Kraemer
    • 1
  • John Leslie King
    • 1
  1. 1.Public Policy Research OrganizationUniversity of CaliforniaIrvine

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