Biotherapy

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 193–198 | Cite as

Effects of interleukin-2 (IL-2) on human plasma lipid, lipoprotein, and C-reactive protein

  • I. Bruce Rosenzweig
  • Donald A. Wiebe
  • Jacquelyn A. Hank
  • John J. Albers
  • Janet L. Adolphson
  • Ernest Borden
  • Earl S. Shrago
  • Paul M. Sondel
Article

Abstract

Six patients with confirmed malignant disease received four consecutive weekly cycles of human recombinant interleukin-2 (IL-2) 4 days/week, continuous iv. infusion, 3 × 106 U/m2/day. Plasma cholesterol decreased a mean of 7% within 24 hours after IL-2 infusion and decreased by 33% within 4 days. Plasma cholesterol was significantly lower than baseline concentration by day 21 (−21%), and day 25 (−41%) was significantly lower than day 21. Decreased plasma cholesterol was the result of decreased HDL and LDL cholesterol concentrations. Plasma triglyceride demonstrated a mean increase of 46% after 4 days of therapy and remained greater than baseline concentrations at all time points analyzed. Apolipoprotein AI and AII decreased concomitantly with HDL-cholesterol concentrations, whereas apolipoprotein B after an initial mean decrease of 17% during the first cycle was not significantly different from baseline during the fourth cycle. Apolipoprotein E and Lp(a) were not significantly affected by IL-2 treatment. Plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) increased by 79% within 24 hours of therapy, increased by 254% on day 4, then decreased to baseline concentrations by day 21 after 3 days off of IL-2. Day 25 CRP was elevated compared to both baseline and day 21 concentrations. IL-2 induced plasma lipoprotein changes may be due in part to the induction of interferon gamma.

Key words

apolipoproteins C-reactive protein interferon interleukin-2 

Abbreviations

IL-2

interleukin 2

IFN

interferons

LDL

low density lipoproteins

apo B

apolipoprotein B

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Bruce Rosenzweig
    • 1
    • 2
  • Donald A. Wiebe
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jacquelyn A. Hank
    • 1
    • 2
  • John J. Albers
    • 1
    • 2
  • Janet L. Adolphson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ernest Borden
    • 1
    • 2
  • Earl S. Shrago
    • 1
    • 2
  • Paul M. Sondel
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Pediatrics, Genetics, Human Oncology and Nutritional SciencesUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Medicine and PathologyUniversity of Washington and the Northwest Lipid Research ClinicSeattleUSA

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