Intractable diplopia: A clinical perspective

  • William D. Gruzensky
  • Earl A. Palmer


Eight patients with intractable diplopia are presented. A classification of intractable diplopia is proposed, as well as a possible unifying view of its pathogenesis. Currently available treatment modalities are reviewed.


Public Health Treatment Modality Clinical Perspective Unify View 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • William D. Gruzensky
    • 1
  • Earl A. Palmer
    • 1
  1. 1.Elk's Children's Eye Clinic, The Oregon Health Sciences UniversityPortlandUSA

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