, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp 161–167 | Cite as

Measurement of human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

  • Fusayuki Omori
  • Seiichi Okamura
  • Shin Hayashi
  • Shigeru Yamaga
  • Yuichi Hirota
  • Yoshiyuki Niho


An IgG monoclonal antibody against recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), designated HGMI, was produced by fusion of immune mouse splenocytes with HAT-sensitive murine myeloma cells. A sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for measurement of human GM-CSF was developed using this HGMI and a polyclonal antibody against GM-CSF raised in a rabbit. GM-CSF in culture supernatants of phytohemagglutinin (PHA)- or concanavalin A (Con A)-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were measured by this ELISA system and the conventional CFU-GM colony formation method. The data indicated that the ELISA was highly efficient and sensitive for the detection of as little as 50 pg/ml recombinant GM-CSF. The CFU-GM colony assay may be influenced by other cytokines which can enhance or suppress colony formation, and ELISA for GM-CSF is more useful for kinetic studies of precise levels of production from PBMC.

Key words

CFU-GM ELISA GM-CSF monoclonal antibody 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fusayuki Omori
    • 1
  • Seiichi Okamura
    • 1
  • Shin Hayashi
    • 1
  • Shigeru Yamaga
    • 1
  • Yuichi Hirota
    • 2
  • Yoshiyuki Niho
    • 2
  1. 1.Cancer CenterKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.First Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of MedicineKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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