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All together now: The circular organization in a university Hospital. Part II. Implementation


The first part of this two-part series described the initial impetus driving a university hospital's planned change project, the planning process itself, and the interventions that were identified to meet our goals. This article describes and discusses the interventions—the implementation of our version of Ackoff's circular organization and issues related to barriers, selected outcomes, the change process, evaluation, and the project's significance to nursing.

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Lartin-Drake, J.M., Gillis-Donovan, J., Curran, C.R. et al. All together now: The circular organization in a university Hospital. Part II. Implementation. Systems Practice 9, 403–419 (1996).

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Key words

  • circular organization
  • health care