Development of an alternative light source to lasers for photodynamic therapy: 2. Comparative in vivo tumour response characteristics


The performance of a low cost, table-top/portable light source was tested against an argon ion pumped dye laser for in vivo photodynamic therapy (PDT). The prototype delivers up to 1 W via a 4 mm flexible lightguide within a 30 nm bandwidth centred at any wavelength from 300 nm to 1200 nm at fluence rates of up to 8 W cm−2. An in situ bioassay using regrowth delay of tumour T50/80 was used to quantify the relative efficacy of the prototype with a laser. The tumours were sensitized with haematoporphyrin derivative (HpD) and externally irradiated. There was no significant difference in the response of the tumour to treatment between the two light sources (p = 0.69). Mean growth delays ranged from 2 days (light dose 10 J cm−2) to 20 days (light dose 100 J cm−2). The estimate for the difference in means (laser minus prototype growth delay) was only 0.66 days and was not statistically significant. This in vivo study demonstrates that the prototype is equivalent to a laser in PDT effect. The device has low capital/running cost, is simple to use and is one of the most powerful, spectrally efficient non-laser PDT sources available.

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Whitehurst, C., Humphries, J.D. & Moore, J.V. Development of an alternative light source to lasers for photodynamic therapy: 2. Comparative in vivo tumour response characteristics. Laser Med Sci 10, 121–126 (1995).

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Key words

  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Haematoporphyrin derivative
  • In vivo
  • Laser
  • Light source
  • Murine tumour