Studies on soil fungistasis: Effect of certain physical and biological factors
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The effect of different physical and biological factors like soil sterilization, incubation period of soil, spore age, amendment of certain fungal species and their metabolites on soil fungistasis has been investigated.
Different degree of sterilization affected the fugistasis differently. Soil heating above 80°C completely annulled the fungistasis. No fungistasis was recorded in soil samples steamed for 15 mts in an autoclave.
Incubation of soil samples to longer duration resulted in increased fungistasis. Maximum fungistatic value was noted in samples incubated for 15 days at 25±1°C.
Spore age also played important role in fungistasis. A positive relation was noted in the spore age and fungistasis upto 30 days of age and thereafter the increase in fungistasis was not well marked.
Varying inhibitory effect was noted on the spore germination of the test fungi in relation to amendment of certain fungi individually and in different combinations to the soil.Aspergillus flavus alone and in combination ofAspergillus niger proved most inhibitory. The filtrate of the different fungi also induced fungistasis in soil. In this case alsoA. flavus was most effective.
KeywordsSteam Soil Sample Plant Physiology Aspergillus Incubation Period
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