A Mössbauer effect study of the interstitial hydrides and nitride of Nd2Fe17
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The Mössbauer effect spectra of Nd2Fe17H3, Nd2Fe17H5, and Nd2Fe17N3 have been measured at several temperatures between 85 and 295 K and fitted with a model which is similar to that used for the analysis of the Mössbauer effect spectra of Nd2Fe17 and Nd2Fe17N2.6. The weighted average isomer shift increases in going from Nd2Fe17 to its hydrides and nitride, an increase which results mainly from the lattice expansion. The changes in the individual isomer shifts upon hydrogenation may be understood in terms of the expansion of the Wigner-Seitz cell volume and the presence of hydrogen or nitrogen near neighbors at a specific site. The 295 K weighted average hyperfine field increases from 157 kOe in Nd2Fe17 to 243 kOe in Nd2Fe17H3, 280 kOe in Nd2Fe17H5, and 318 kOe in Nd2Fe17N3, a sequence determined by the Curie temperatures. In contrast, the weighted average hyperfine field at 85 K and the saturation magnetization at 5 K for Nd2Fe17H3 are lower than those of Nd2Fe17, presumably because of thec-axis lattice contraction which occurs upon hydrogenation of this compound. The main difference between the effect of hydrogenation and nitrogenation resides in the substantial increase observed for the 9d and 18h hyperfine fields upon nitrogenation.
KeywordsNitride Hydride Cell Volume Curie Temperature Saturation Magnetization
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