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Plant and Soil

, Volume 86, Issue 3, pp 369–378 | Cite as

Drought resistance of wheat plants inoculated with vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae

  • J. R. Ellis
  • H. J. Larsen
  • M. G. Boosalis
Article

Summary

Drought resistance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) as influenced by two vesiculararbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi,Glomus fasciculatum10 andGlomus deserticola19, was evaluated. Soil columns 0.15 m diam. by 1.20 m length were used to reduce the influence of limited rooting space. With initial soil water at 0.5 MPa (0.145 kg kg−1), plants were subjected to low-level water stress throughout the experiment and severe water stress for 24 h at one (55 days after transplanting, Feekes scale 10.1) two (55 and 63 days, Feekes 10.1 and 10.2), or three (55, 63, and 70 days, Feekes 10.1, 10.1, and 10.2) periods. After each stress period, one set of plants was watered and grown to maturity without subsequent water stress. A second set of plants was harvested 1 week after stress.G. fasciculatum-inoculated plants harvested 7 days after stress at 55 days had greater leaf area and leaf, total plant, and root weight than non-VAM plants.G. deserticola-inoculated plants had greater leaf area and leaf weight than non-VAM plants. After stress at 55 and 63 days, leaf area, and leaf and total dry weight were again greater for VAM than for non-VAM plants. However, after stress at 55, 63, and 70 days, differences in aboveground biomass between VAM and non-VAM plants were not significant at P=0.05. Aboveground biomass was not affected by VAM species in plants stressed at 55 or 55 and 63 days, butG. fasciculatum-inoculated plants produced more tillers atter stress at 55 days. When grown to maturity, VAM plants which had undergone three stress periods had twice the biomass and grain yield as non-VAM plants subjected to the same stress. The three stress periods reduced number of heads and kernel numbers of weight of non-VAM plants compared to VAM plants.G. fasciculatum-inoculated plants consistently had increased root weight and rooting depth.

Key words

Dry-matter accumulation Glomus deserticola Glomus fasciculatum Mycorrhizae Root growth Triticum aestivum 

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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. R. Ellis
    • 1
    • 2
  • H. J. Larsen
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. G. Boosalis
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.ARSUSDAUSA
  2. 2.Univ. Nebr.-LincolnLincolnUSA

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