Outcome of the pelvic pouch procedure in patients with prior perianal disease
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PURPOSE: There is concern that patients with presumed ulcerative colitis and significant perianal disease may in fact have Crohn's disease. Moreover, prior perianal disease may be an independent factor for poor outcome of the pelvic pouch. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of prior perianal disease on pelvic pouch outcome. METHODS: Between 1982 and 1994, 52 of 753 patients (6.9 percent) who had a pelvic pouch procedure were prospectively identified as having perianal disease. Outcome of the pelvic pouch of these 52 patients (Group I) were compared with the outcome of 701 pelvic pouch patients with no prior perianal disease (Group II). The perianal diseases identified in Group I were fissure-in-ano (17), perianal abscesses (13), fistula-in-ano (7), rectovaginal fistula (3), and significant hemorrhoids/skin tags (25). Eleven patients (21 percent) had more than one type of perianal disease. Twenty-seven patients (52 percent) required a total of 33 perianal operations for the different anal pathologies. RESULTS: Both groups were comparable for the following characteristics: age at time of pelvic pouch procedure, pathology (ulcerative colitis or indeterminate colitis), design of pouch, and type of ileoanal anastomosis (handsewn or stapled). An ileoanal anastomosis leak developed in 21 percent of patients (n=11) in Group Ivs.11.4 percent (n=80) in Group II (P<0.05). Perianal postoperative complications occurred in 11.5 percent of patients (n=6) in Group Ivs.1.7 percent (n=12) in Group II (P<0.05). Total pouch failure rate was not significantly different between the two groups (11.5vs.7.6 percent;P>0.05). Crohn's disease was subsequently diagnosed in 1.9vs.2.7 percent (P>0.05). Subgroup analysis of Group I patients showed no significant difference in outcome according to type of perianal lesion or a history of perianal surgery. CONCLUSION: Prior perianal disease significantly increases the risk of developing an ileoanal anastomotic leak and postoperative perianal complications. However, a pelvic pouch procedure may be an acceptable surgical alternative for selected ulcerative colitis patients with prior perianal disease because the overall pouch failure rate is not significantly increased.
Key wordsPerianal disease Pelvic pouch procedure
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