Plant and Soil

, Volume 57, Issue 1, pp 105–110 | Cite as

Effect of potassium nutrition on frost damage and yield of potato plants on alluvial soils of the Punjab (India)

  • J. S. Grewal
  • S. N. Singh


Field experiments were conducted during 1974 and 1975 on 14 alluvial soils, varying in available K from 56 to 158 ppm, at Jullundur-Punjab (India) to study the effect of K nutrition on frost damage to potato crops. Frost damage was inversely related to the available K content of the soils and the K concentration of the potato leaves. K fertilization significantly reduced the frost damage and increased tuber yields in soils containing less than 114 ppm available K. Frost damage was significantly related to potato response to K application and negatively correlated to tuber yield.

Key Words

Frost damage Potassium nutrition Potato 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Adams, W. E. and Twersky, M. 1960 Effect of soil fertility on winter killing of Coastal Bermudagrass. Agron. J.52, 325–326.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Allington, W. B. and Laird, E. F. Jr. 1954 The infection ofNicotiana glutinosa with tobacco mosaic virus as affected by potassium nutrition. Phytopathology44, 297–299.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Alten, F. and Orth, H. 1941 Untersuchungen uber den Aminosaurengehalt und die Anfalligkeit der Kartoffel gegen die Kraut- und Knollenfaule (Phytophthora infestans de By.). Phytopathol. Z.13, 243–271. (1941).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Black, C. A. 1967 Soil-Plant Relationships. 2nd Ed., 756–759, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Boysen, H. 1933 Kalidungung und Nachtfrostgefahr. Die Ernahrung der Pflanze29, 270.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Grewal, J. S. and Sharma, R. C. 1978 Response of the potato to potassic fertilizers in India. Proc. Symp. Potassium in Soils and Crops. Potash Res. Inst. New Delhi 309–326.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Grewal, J. S. and Singh, S. N. 1979 Critical levels of available potassium for potato in alluvial soils of Punjab. Indian J. agric. Sci.49, 802–809.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Levitt, J. 1956 The Hardiness of Plants. Agronomy6.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Muhr, G. R., Datta, N. P., Sankarasubramoney, H., Leley, V. K. and Donahue, R. L. 1965 Soil Testing in India. Edn. 2, United States Agency for International Development, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nelson, W. L. 1978 Influences of potassium on tolerance to stress: (North American Experience) Proc. Symp. Potassium in Soils and Crops, Potash Res. Inst. New Delhi 203–221.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pushkarnath and Sardana, M. G. 1965 Economics of potash fertilization of potatoes. Indian Potato J.7, 3–8.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Saini, S. S. 1978 Potash checks forst damage, in potato. J. Indian Potato Assoc.5, 108–109.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Singh, S. N. and Grewal, J. S. 1979 Dry matter production and NPK uptake by the potato variety Kufri Chandramukhi (Solanum tuberosum L.) in alluvial soil. J. Indian Potato Assoc.6, 78–86.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Soloviera, M. A. 1974 Winter hardiness of fruit plants. Proc. XIX Int. Hort. Cong., Vol. III Warszawa, 92–104.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yoshida, S. and Sakai, A. 1973 Phospholipid changes associated with cold hardiness of cortical cells from poplar stem. Plant and Cell Physiol.14, 353–359.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. S. Grewal
    • 1
  • S. N. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Crop and Soil ScienceCentral Potato Research InstituteSimlaIndia

Personalised recommendations