, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 46–58 | Cite as

Freedom within control: An elaboration of the concept of reciprocal control in B. F. Skinner's “Beyond Freedom and Dignity”

  • Richard G. Tiberius


Reciprocal Control 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Brown, G. I.Human teaching for human learning: An introduction to confluent education. New York: Viking, 1971.Google Scholar
  2. Buber, M.I and thou. New York: Scribner's, 1970.Google Scholar
  3. Campbell, J. R., & Barnes, C. W. Interaction analysis—a breakthrough?Phi Delta Kappan, 1969,50, 587–590.Google Scholar
  4. Camus, A.The rebel. New York: Vintage, 1956.Google Scholar
  5. Featherstone, J. Report analysis: Children and their primary schools. In V. M. Howes (Ed.),Individualization of instruction. New York: Macmillan, 1970. Pp.229–243.Google Scholar
  6. Flanagan, J. C. Education: How and for what.American Psychologist, 1973,28, 551–556.Google Scholar
  7. Flavell, J. H., Botkin, P. T., Fry, C. L., Wright J. W., & Jarvis, P. E.The development of role-taking and communication skills in children. New York: Wiley, 1968.Google Scholar
  8. Freire, P.Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York: Herder & Herder, 1970.Google Scholar
  9. Friedman, M.To deny our nothingness: Contemporary images of man. New York: Delta, 1967.Google Scholar
  10. Glaser, R. The education of individuals. In V. M. Howes (Ed.),Individualization of instruction. New York: Macmillan, 1970. Pp.128–135.Google Scholar
  11. Glaser, R. Educational psychology and education.American Psychologist, 1973,28, 557–566.Google Scholar
  12. Hampden-Turner, C. M.Radical man: The process of psycho-social development. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor, 1971.Google Scholar
  13. Henry, J.Culture against man. New York: Vintage Books, 1963.Google Scholar
  14. Hoffman, M. L. Moral development. In P. H. Mussen (Ed.),Carmichael's manual of child psychology. New York: Wiley, 1970. Pp.261–359.Google Scholar
  15. Howes, V. M. Individualized instruction: Form and structure. In V. M. Howes (Ed.),Individualization of instruction. New York: Macmillan, 1970, Pp.69–81.Google Scholar
  16. Hunt, D. E. Adaptability in interpersonal communication among training agents.Merrill-Palmer Quarterly of Behavior and Development, 1970,16(4), 325–344.Google Scholar
  17. Hunt, D. E.Matching models in education. Toronto: Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, 1971.Google Scholar
  18. Hunt, D. E. Person-environment interaction: A challenge found wanting before it was tried. Address to the Division of Educational Psychology, American Psychological Association Meeting, Montreal, P.Q., Aug. 28, 1973.Google Scholar
  19. Hunt, D. E., & Sullivan, E. V.Between psychology and education. Hinsdale, Ill.: Dryden, in press.Google Scholar
  20. Lesser, G. S. Matching instruction to student characteristics. In G. S. Lesser (Ed.),Psychology and educational practice. Glenview, Ill.: Scott, Foresman, 1971. Pp.530–550.Google Scholar
  21. Minter, J. W. (Ed.)The individual and the system. Boulder, Colo.: Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 1967.Google Scholar
  22. Morris, V. C.Existentialism in education. New York Harper & Row, 1966.Google Scholar
  23. Olson, D. R., Case, D. C., & Wine, W. Teacher-student communication games: Some experiments on instruction. Research and Development Memorandum No. 94, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1972.Google Scholar
  24. Piaget, J.The moral judgment of the child. New York: Free Press, 1965.Google Scholar
  25. Rogers, C. R.Freedom to learn. Columbus, O.: Merrill, 1969.Google Scholar
  26. Rosenshine, B. Interaction analysis: A tardy comment.Phi Delta Kappan, 1970,51, 445–446.Google Scholar
  27. Simon, A., & Boyer, E. G. (Eds.)Mirrors for behavior II. An anthology of observation instruments. Philadelphia: Classroom Interaction Newsletter, 1970.Google Scholar
  28. Skinner, B. F.Beyond freedom and dignity. New York: Bantam/Vintage, 1971.Google Scholar
  29. Rorrance, E. P. Independent study as an instructional tool. In V. M. Howes (Ed.),Individualization of instruction. New York: Macmillan, 1970. Pp.211–221.Google Scholar
  30. Weiner, N.The human use of human beings. New York: Anchor, 1954.Google Scholar
  31. Wolfson, B. J. Individualizing instruction. In V. M. Howes (Ed.),Individualization of instruction. New York: Macmillan, 1970. Pp.100–105.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard G. Tiberius
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TorontoTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations