Autoradiography of (3H)-5-hydroxytryptamine uptake in the retina of some mammals
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The uptake of indoleamines into the retina of rats, rabbits, cows, pigs, baboons, Cynomolgus monkeys, and man was studied by fluorescence microscopy and autoradiography. Indoleamines were either injected intravitreally or the retinas were incubated with them. Fluorescence microscopy failed to show any indoleamine accumulating neurons in all species investigated except rabbit, confirming previous observations. However, autoradiography showed uptake in a distinct class of neurons in cows and pigs. These neurons had their cell bodies among the amacrine cells and most of their processes branched in the middle of the inner plexiform layer. This is in contradistinction to the dopaminergic neurons, which in cows and pigs have all their processes in the outermost sublamina of the inner plexiform layer. The fluorescence microscopy is quite sensitive to small variations in the indoleamine molecule. The discrepancy between the results with fluorescence microscopy and autoradiography therefore suggests that there is an active uptake mechanism for indoleamines in cows and pigs but that the substances are rapidly transformed to compounds not possible to detect in the fluorescence microscope. No specific indoleamine accumulating mechanism was detected in the retina of rats, baboons, cynomolgus monkeys, or man.
KeywordsPublic Health Microscopy Retina Fluorescence Microscopy Cell Body
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