A comparative study of etching enamel by acid and laser
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Acid etching is regarded as one of the main means of providing additional retention in aesthetic dentistry. Alternative methods of achieving bonding to tooth tissue which have been proposed include laser etching. Conflicting results on bond strength to enamel have been reported for laser etching. Here the tensile bond strength of composite resin to acid- and laser-etched enamel was measured and the topographical differences between the surfaces were evaluated using the scanning electron microscope. The laser used was a pulsed Nd-YAG laser at 10 pulses per second with a pulse length of 150μs, 80mJ pulse−1, 1.064μm wavelength. The results obtained indicate that the bond strength of laser-etched enamel was significantly lower than that of acid-etched enamel. In this study the difference may be attributable to the chromophore used. Variations in the rate of traverse of the laser tip across the surface did not appear to produce significant alterations in the bond strength.
Key wordsEnamel Etch Laser Acid Nd-YAG
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