Hepatitis A-virus in cell culture
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A test system for the detection of neutralizing antibodies against hepatitis A-virus (anti-HAV-Nt) is presented. The anti-HAV-Nt assay is performed with Frhk-4/R cells and the hepatitis A virus (HAV) strain GBM/Frhk-4/R which has been adapted to these cells. Non-neutralized HAV is demonstrated 14 days after infection of Frhk-4/R cells using a radio-immunoassay for detecting newly grown HAV.
The influence of differing amounts of HAV on the anti-HAV-Nt titre and the effect of variations in incubation time of virus-serum mixtures are described. The time course of anti-HAV-Nt is shown in sera from a hepatitis-A patient which were taken at different stages of the disease. Anti-HAV-Nt is compared with anti-HAV and anti-HAV-IgM. It is shown that anti-HAV-Nt correlates closely with anti-HAV and separated anti-HAV-IgG, but only slightly with anti-HAV-IgM.
The test system presented makes possible the demonstration of neutralizing antibodies against HAV in gamma-globulin preparations and during vaccination studies.
KeywordsCell Culture Hepatitis Incubation Time Vaccination Study
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