## Abstract

Let*ν* be a signed measure on E^{ d } with νE^{ d }=0 and ¦ν¦E^{d}<∞. Define*D*_{s}(ν) as sup ¦*νH*¦ where*H* is an open halfspace. Using integral and metric geometric techniques results are proved which imply theorems such as the following.**Theorem A.** Let*ν* be supported by a finite pointset*p*_{i}. Then*D*_{s}(ν)>*c*_{d}(δ_{1}/*δ*_{2})^{1/2}{∑_{i(νp}_{i})^{2}}^{1/2} where*δ*_{1} is the minimum distance between two distinct*p*_{i}, and*δ*_{2} is the maximum distance. The number*c*_{d} is an absolute dimensional constant. (The number .05 can be chosen for*c*_{2} in Theorem A.)**Theorem B.** Let**D** be a disk of unit area in the plane**E**^{2}, and*p*_{1},*p*_{2},...,*p*_{n} be a set of points lying in**D**. If m if the usual area measure restricted to**D**, while γ*nP*_{i}=1/*n* defines an atomic measure γ_{n}, then independently of γ_{n},*nD*_{s}(**m** −*γ*_{n})≥ .0335*n*^{1/4}. Theorem B gives an improved solution to the Roth “disk segment problem” as described by Beck and Chen. Recent work by Beck shows that*nD*_{s}(**m***−γ*_{n})≥*cn*^{1/4}(log*n*)^{−7/2}.

## AMS subject classification (1980)

52 A 22 10 K 30## Preview

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