Medical Microbiology and Immunology

, Volume 158, Issue 3, pp 177–183 | Cite as

Geographical differences in antibiotic sensitivity patterns: Comparison of susceptibility of staphylococci in Poland and Germany

  • J. Jeljaszewicz
  • G. Pulverer
Article

Abstract

Three hundred forty three strains ofStaph. aureus were isolated in Poland and Germany and tested for susceptibilityin vitro towards 17 major antimicrobial agents. Comparison of resistance patterns of these drugs revealed existence of generally similar percentages of resistant and sensitive strains in both countries for streptomycin, cephaloridine, fusidic acid, lincomycin, rifampicin, nitrofurantoin and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. Essential differences were found in resistance patterns for tetracyclines, penicillins, kanamycin, soframycin, erythromycin, chloramphenicol and sulfamethoxazole. Probable cause of these differences is discussed.

Keywords

Streptomycin Tetracycline Kanamycin Erythromycin Antimicrobial Agent 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Blair, J. E., Williams, R. E. O.: Phage typing of staphylooocci. Bull. Wld Hlth Org.24, 771–784 (1961).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Grove, D. C., Randall, W. A.: Assay Methods of Antibiotics. A Laboratory Manual. Medical Encyclopedia, Inc., New York, pp. 190–191 (1955).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Isenberg, H. D.: A comparison of nationwide microbial susceptibility testing using standardized discs. Hlth Lab. Sci.1, 185–256 (1964).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Isenberg, H. D.: The consistency ofin vitro microbial response: a survey of the Americas, Europe and Japan. Hlth Lab. Sci.2, 163–178 (1965).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jeljaszewicz, J.: Trends in resistance ofStaph. aureus to antibiotics in Poland. In: Recent Status of Research on Staphylococci, J. Jeljaszewicz, Editor. Basel: Karger 1973.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jeljaszewicz, J., Hawiger, J.: The resistance to antibiotics of strains ofStaphylococcus aureus isolated in Poland. Bull. Wld Hlth Org.35, 231–241 (1966).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jeljaszewicz, J., Hawiger, J.: Comparison of the antibiotic-resistance ofStaphylococcus aureus strains isolated in Poland in the years 1960–1963 and 1964. Epidemiol. Rev. (Warsaw)21, 183–191 (1967).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pulverer, G.: Lysotypie, Serologie and Antibiogramme pyogener Staphylokokken im Kölner Raum. Z. Hyg. Infekt.-Kr.147, 417–435 (1961).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pulverer, G.: Zur derzeitigen medizinischen Bedeutung und Antibiotikaresistenz von Staphylokokken. Dtsch. med. Wschr.97, 252–254 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pulverer, G.: Erregerspektrum und Antibiotikaresistenz. Rhein. Ärztbl. No. 4 (1972).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pulverer, G.: Trends in resistance ofStaph. aureus to antibiotics in Germany, In: Recent Status of Research on Staphylococci. Basel: Karger 1973.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pulverer, G., Damen, G.: Aktuelle Resistenzsituation vonStaphylococcus aureus. Med. Klin.67, 608–614 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pulverer, G., Damen, G., Neugebauer, M.: Antibiotic resistance ofStaphylococcus albus. Med. Microbiol. Immunol.158, 23–43 (1972).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pulverer, G., Gho, Ch., Spieckerman, Ch.: Etiology of pyogenic and urinary tract infections in the region of Cologne. In: Bacterial Infections. Changes in their Causative Agents—Trends and Possible Basis, pp. 31–35. M. Finland, W. Marget and K. Bartmann, Editors. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1971.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Recommendations of the subcommittee on taxonomy of staphylococci and micrococci. Int. Bull. bact. Nomencl.15, 109–110 (1965).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Riley, H. D.: Antimicrobial therapy in medical gastrointestinal disease. Pediat. Clin. N. Amer.15, 227–241 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wlodarczak, K., Jeljaszewicz, J.: Sensitivity of staphylococci to bacitracin, soframycin, novobiocin, cycloserine, vancomycin, ristocetin and kanamycin. Postepy. Hig. Med. dosw.14, 101–103 (1960).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zak, C., Hawiger, J., Jeljaszewicz, J.: Sensitivity ofStaphylococcus aureus to 30 antibiotics. Chemotherapy14, 7–21 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Jeljaszewicz
    • 1
    • 2
  • G. Pulverer
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.National Institute of HygieneWarszawaPoland
  2. 2.Institute of HygieneUniversity of KölnGermany

Personalised recommendations