Mesopelagic fishes of the Bering Sea and adjacent northern North Pacific Ocean

  • William G. Pearcy
  • Takahisa Nemoto
  • Muneo Okiyama
Article

Abstract

Fourteen midwater trawl collections to depths of 450 m to 1,400 m were taken at eleven stations in the Bering Sea and adjoining regions of the northern North Pacific by the R/V Hakuho Maru during the summer of 1975. A total of 29 kinds of fishes were identified. Mesopelagic fishes of the families Myctophidae, Gonostomatidae and Bathylagidae predominated in the catches, contributing 14 species (94%) of the fishes caught.

Seventeen species of fishes were caught in the Bering Sea, and all of these are known from nearby areas. The mesopelagic fish fauna of the Bering Sea is similar to that in adjoining regions of the northern North Pacific Ocean: endemic species are rare or absent.

Stenobrachius nannochir was usually the most common mesopelagic fish in our catches.Stenobrachius leucopsarus is a diel vertical migrant that is usually the dominant mesopelagic fish in modified Subarctic waters of the northeastern Pacific. The change in dominance fromS. nannochir in the western Bering Sea toS. leucopsarus in the eastern Bering Sea is related to differences in oceanographic conditions.

Keywords

Pacific Ocean Endemic Species Vertical Migrant Fish Fauna North Pacific Ocean 

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Copyright information

© Oceanographical Society of Japan 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • William G. Pearcy
    • 1
  • Takahisa Nemoto
    • 2
  • Muneo Okiyama
    • 2
  1. 1.School of OceanographyOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.Ocean Research InstituteUniversity of TokyoJapan

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