Journal of Molecular Evolution

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 228–235 | Cite as

Interrelatedness of 5S RNA sequences investigated by correspondence analysis

  • Carmen A. Mannella
  • Joachim Frank
  • Nicholas Delihas


Correspondence analysis (a form of multivariate statistics) applied to 74 5S ribosomal RNA sequences indicates that the sequences are interrelated in a systematic, nonrandom fashion. Aligned sequences are represented as vectors in a 5N-dimensional space, where N is the number of base positions in the 5S RNA molecule. Mutually orthogonal directions (called factor axes) along which intersequence variance is greatest are defined in this hyperspace. Projection of the sequences onto planes defined by these factorial directions reveals clustering of species that is suggestive of phylogenetic relationships. For each factorial direction, correspondence analysis points to regions of “importance”, i.e., those base positions at which the systematic changes occur that define that particular direction. In effect, the technique provides a rapid determination of group-specific signatures. In several instances, similarities between sequences are indicated that have only recently been inferred from visual base-to-base comparisons. These results suggest that correspondence analysis may provide a valuable starting point from which to uncover the patterns of change underlying the evolution of a macromolecule, such as 5S RNA.

Key words

5S RNA Correspondence analysis Multivariate statistics Evolution Phylogeny 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carmen A. Mannella
    • 1
  • Joachim Frank
    • 1
  • Nicholas Delihas
    • 2
  1. 1.Wadsworth Center for Laboratories and ResearchNew York State Department of HealthAlbanyUSA
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology, School of MedicineState University of New York at Stony BrookStony BrookUSA

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