Examining comorbidity and posttraumatic stress disorder in a vietnam veteran population using the MMPI-2
- 18 Downloads
Examined the discriminant validity of the MMPI-2 in assessing comorbidity in a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Vietnam veteran population. The Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-III-R (SCID) was used to diagnose veterans and to classify them into four groups: PTSD Only, PTSD with mood disorders, PTSD with other anxiety disorders, and PTSD with mood and anxiety disorders. All groups had clinical elevations on scales F, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 0, PK, and PS, with peak elevations on scales 8, 7, and 2. The PTSD Only group's MMPI-2 scores were not significantly lower than other groups' scores. The PTSD+Mood/Anxiety group was significantly more elevated on scales 2 and 7 than the PTSD Only and PTSD+Anxiety group but did not otherwise show significantly higher scale elevations than other groups. No significant differences existed between groups on scales F, L, K, PK, and PS. Implications of these results for PTSD and the current diagnostic system are explored.
Key wordsPTSD comorbidity MMPI-2 veterans
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- American Psychiatric Association. (1987).Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed., rev). Washington, D.C.: Author.Google Scholar
- Carson, R. C., & Butcher, J. N. (1992).Abnormal psychology and modern life (9th ed.). New York: Harper-Collins.Google Scholar
- Greene, R. L. (1991).The MMPI-2/MMPI: An interpretive manual. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar
- Keane, T. M., & Wolfe, J. (1990). Comorbidity in post-traumatic stress disorder: An analysis of community and clinical studies.Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20 1776–1788.Google Scholar
- Kulka, R., & Schlenger, W. (1986).The national needs assessment study of Vietnam veterans. (Available from Research Triangle Institute, Division of Social Policy Research, Box 12194, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 22709.)Google Scholar
- Meek, C. L. (Ed.). (1990).Post-traumatic stress disorder: Assessment, differential diagnosis, and forensic evaluation. Sarasota, Florida: Professional Resource Exchange, Inc.Google Scholar
- Modlin, H. C. (1990). Post-traumatic stress disorder: Differential diagnosis. In C. L. Meeks (Ed.),Post-traumatic stress disorder: Assessment, differential diagnosis and forensic evaluation (pp. 63–72). Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Exchange, Inc.Google Scholar
- O'Donohue, W., & Elliott, A. (1992). The current status of post-traumatic stress disorder as a diagnostic category: Problems and proposals.Journal of Traumatic Stress, 5 421–439.Google Scholar
- Spitzer, R. L., & Williams, J. B. (1987).Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R (SCID). New York: Biometrics Research, New York State Psychiatric Institute.Google Scholar
- Talbert, F. S., Albrecht, N. N., Albrecht, J. W., Boudewyns, P. A., Hyer, L. A., Touze, J. H., & Lemmon, C. R. (1991).MMPI profiles in PTSD as a function of comorbidity. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco.Google Scholar
- Wilson, J. P., & Walker, A. J. (1990). Toward an MMPI trauma profile.Journal of Traumatic Stress, 3 151–168.Google Scholar