Journal of Oceanography

, Volume 32, Issue 5, pp 219–227 | Cite as

Clay mineralogy of bottom sediment in the Jinhae Bay, Korea

  • Byong-Kwon Park
  • Sang-Joon Han
  • Jong-Wha Lee
Article

Abstract

The bottom sediments of Jinhae Bay area contain, on average, 45 % illite, 23 % kaolinite, 17 % intergrade clay, 10 % chlorite, and 5 % smectite. The geographical distribution of the clay minerals shows, in general, an it crease in illite, a decrease in kaolinite, and a slight decrease in chlorite seawards. The distributional trends of smectite and intergrade clay are irregular. The clay fractions of the sediments of Jinhae Bay are supplied from stream-borne sediments and are mixed with sediments transported landwards from the East China Sea. Local erosion and redeposition of the clay fractions of the bottom sediments is caused by rapid tidal currents.

Keywords

Clay Clay Mineral Kaolinite Chlorite Bottom Sediment 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aoki, S., K. Oinuma andT. Sudo (1974): The distribution of clay minerals in the recent sediments of the Japan Sea. Deep-Sea Res.,21, 299–310.Google Scholar
  2. Biscaye, P.E. (1965): Mineralogy and sedimentation of recent deep-sea clay in the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas and oceans. Bull. Geol. Soc. Am.,76, 803–832.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brown, G. (1953):The dioctahedral analogue of vermiculite. Bull. Clay Miner.,2, 64–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brown, C.Q. andR.L. Ingram (1954): The clay minerals of the Neuse River sediments. J. Sed. Petrol.24, 196–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carstea, D.D., M.E. Harward andE.G. Knox (1970): Formation and stability of hydro-Mg interlayers in phyllosilicates. Clays Clay Miner.,18, 213–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Garrels, R.M. andC.L. Christ (1965):Solution, Minerals and Equilibria. Harper & Row, New York, N.Y., 450 pp.Google Scholar
  7. Griffin, G.M. (1962): Regional clay mineral faciesproducts of weathering intensity and current distribution in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Bull. Geol. Soc. Am.,73, 737–768.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Griffin, G. M. andR. L. Ingram (1955): Clay minerals of Neuse River estuary. J. Sed. Petrol.25, 194–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Griffin, J. J., H. Windom andE. D. Goldberg (1968): The distribution of clay minerals in the world oceans. Deep-Sea Res.,15, 433–459.Google Scholar
  10. Grim, R.E., R.S. Dietz andW.F. Bradley (1949): Clay mineral composition of some sediments from the Pacific Ocean off the California coast and the Gulf of California. Bull. Geol. Soc. Am.,60, 1785–1808.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Grim, R.E. andW.D. Johns (1954): Clay mineral investigation of sediments in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Clays Clay Miner.,2, 81–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hjulström, F. (1939): Transporation of detritus by moving water.In, Recent Marine Sediments, ed. byP. D. Trask, Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol. Tulsa, Oklahoma, pp. 5–31.Google Scholar
  13. Hurley, P.M., B.C. Hezeen, W.H. Pinson andH.W. Fairbairn (1963): K-Ar age values in pelagic sediments of the North Atlantic. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta,27, 393–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Keller, W. D. (1970): Environmental aspects of clay minerals. J. Sed. Petrol.40, 788–821.Google Scholar
  15. Lee, J.W., J.H. Bong andS.J. Han (1974a): Study on the water movement in Jinhae Bay. J. Oceanol. Soc. Korea,9, 19–30.Google Scholar
  16. Lee, J. W., C. S. Kim andH. S. Kwak (1974b): Studies on the distribution of chemical contents in the sea off Jinhae during winter period. J. Oceanol. Soc. Korea,9, 39–51.Google Scholar
  17. Meade, R.H. (1969): Landward transport of bottom sediments in estuaries of the Atlantic Coastal Plain. J. Sed. Petrol.39, 222–234.Google Scholar
  18. Millot, G. (1964): Géologie des Argiles. Masson, Paris, 499 pp.Google Scholar
  19. Oinuma, K. andK. Kobayashi (1966): Quantitative studies of clay minerals in some recent marine sediments and sedimentary rocks from Japan,In, Proc. 14th Natn. Conf. Clays and Clay Minerals, Pergamon Press, London, pp. 209–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Park, B.K. (1971): Mineralogy of recent sediments of North Carolina sounds and estuaries. Ph. D. thesis, Univ. North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C., 157 pp.Google Scholar
  21. Pearson, R.W. andL.E. Ensminger (1949): Types of clay minerals in Alabama soils. Proc. Soil Sci. Soc. Am.,13, 153–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pierce, J.W. andF.R. Siegel (1969): Quantification in clay mineral studies of sediments and sedimentary rocks. J. Sed. Petrol.39, 187–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rateev, M.A. (1964): Concerning relations between allothigenic and authigenic clay formation in various types of lithogenesis.In, Lithology and Mineral Resources,2, Nauka, Moscow, pp. 39–63.Google Scholar
  24. Rateev, M.A., Z.N. Gorbunova, A.P. Lisitzyn andG.L. Nosov (1969): The distribution of clay minerals in the oceans. Sedimentology,13, 21–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rich, C.I. (1968): Hydroxy interlayers in expansible layer silicates. Clays Clay Miner.,16, 15–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Roberson, H.F. (1974): Early diagenesis; Expansible soil clay sea water reactions. J. Sed. Petrol.,44, 441–449.Google Scholar
  27. Weed, S.B. andL.A. Nelson (1962): Occurrence of chlorite-like intergrade clay minerals in the coastal plain, piedmont, and mountain soils of North Carolina. Proc. Soil Sci. Am.,26, 393–398.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Whitehouse, U.G., L.M. Jerrey andJ.D. Debrecht (1960): Differential settling tendencies of clay minerals in saline waters. Claya Clay Miner.,8, 1–79.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Oceanographical Society of Japan 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Byong-Kwon Park
    • 1
  • Sang-Joon Han
    • 2
  • Jong-Wha Lee
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesKorea Military AcademySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of Marine SciencesKorea Research Institute of Ship and OceanSeoulKorea

Personalised recommendations