Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 213–218 | Cite as

The sales of lottery tickets to minors in Illinois

  • Thomas E. Radecki
Articles

Abstract

Fifty retail outlets were tested with a 16-year-old girl in eight central Illinois cities to determine the willingness of retail clerks to illegally sell a lottery ticket to a minor. A total of 49 establishments or 98% sold. In two instances the youth was denied access to cigarettes but sold a lottery ticket despite the sales of both to a minor under age 18 being illegal in Illinois. A very low cost method of correcting the problem is presented.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Breslau, N., Fenn, N., & Peterson, E. (1993). Early smoking initiation and nicotine dependence in a cohort of young adults.Drug & Alcohol Dependence 33, 129–37.Google Scholar
  2. Chou, S.P., & Pickering, R.P. (1992). Early onset of drinking as a risk factor for lifetime alcoholrelated problems.British Journal of Addiction 87, 1199–2104.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Community Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services Improvement Act of 1992. Report 102-464, U.S. House of Representatives.Google Scholar
  4. Crum, R.M., Bucholz, K.K., Helzer, J.E. & Anthony, J.C. (1992). The risk of alcohol abuse and dependence in adulthood: The association with education level.American Journal of Epidemiology 135, 989–99.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Custer, R.L. (1982). An overview of compulsive gambling. In P.A. Carone, S.F. Yoles, S.N. Kieffer & L. Krinsky (Eds.),Addictive disorders update: Alcoholism, drug abuse, gambling (pp. 107–124). New York: Human Sciences Press.Google Scholar
  6. Davis, R.M. (1991). Reducing youth access to tobacco.Journal of American Medical Association, 266, 3186–3388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. DiFranza, J.R. (1992). Reducing youth access to tobacco (Letter).Tobacco Control, 1, 58.Google Scholar
  8. Feighery, E., Altman, D.G., & Shaffer, G. (1991). The effects of combining education and enforcement to reduce tobacco sales to minors.Journal of the American Medical Association, 266, 3168–3171.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Frank, M.L. (1990). Underage gambling in Atlantic City casinos.Psychological Reports, 67, 907–912.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Jacobs, D.F. (1987).Effects on children of parental excesses in gambling. Paper presented at the Seventh International Conference on Gambling and Risk Taking, Reno, NV.Google Scholar
  11. Jason, L.A., Ji, P.Y., Anes, M.D., & Birkhead, S.H. (1991). Active enforcement of cigarette control laws in the prevention of cigarette sales to minors.Journal of the American Medical Association, 266, 3159–3161.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Join Together (1993).Strategies to reduce underage access to alcohol and save lives in your community. Boston, Massachusetts: Department of Public Health, Boston University.Google Scholar
  13. Ladouceur, R. & Mireault, C. (1988). Gambling behaviors among high school students in the Quebec area.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 4, 3–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lesieur, H.R., Cross, J. Frank, M. Welch, M., White, C.M., Ruberstein, G., Moseley, K. & Mark, M. (1991).Addictive Behavior, 16, 517–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lesieur, H.R. & Klein, R. (1987).Pathological gambling among high school students. Addictive Behaviors, 12, 129–135.Google Scholar
  16. Livingston, J. (1974).Compulsive gamblers: Observations on action and abstinence. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  17. North American Gaming at a Glance (1993).Gambling and Wagering Business, 14, November 15-December 14, p. 6.Google Scholar
  18. Radecki, T.E. (1992).Alcohol sales to minors in 55 U.S. cities. Champaign, Illinois: Doctors & Lawyers for a Drug Free Youth.Google Scholar
  19. Radecki, T.E. (1993). Tobacco sales to minors in 97 U.S. and Canadian communities.Tobacco Control, December (In press).Google Scholar
  20. Robins, L.N., Przybeck, T.R. (1985). Age of onset of drug use as a factor in drug and other disorders. In C.L. Jones, & R.J. Battjes (Eds.).Etiology of Drug Abuse: Implications for Prevention. (pp 178–92). NIDA Research Monograph 56. US GPO, Washington, DC, DHHS Publication No (ADM) 85-1335.Google Scholar
  21. Taioli, E., Wynder, E.L. (1991). Effect of the age at which smoking begins on frequency of smoking in adulthood.New England Journal of Medicine 325, 968–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas E. Radecki
    • 1
  1. 1.Doctors & Lawyers for a Drug Free YouthUrbana

Personalised recommendations