Advertisement

Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 385–398 | Cite as

Epidemiological surveys of pathological gambling: Critique and suggestions for modification

  • Henry R. Lesieur
Articles

Abstract

Epidemiological studies of problem and pathological gambling were examined for their accuracy. Fundamental flaws and biases were found in these surveys. These include problems with survey instruments; nonresponses and refusal bias; the exclusion of institutionalized populations; exclusion of other groups; and failure to protect against denial on the part of the respondent when others are present near the telephone. Based on the issues discussed, one can reasonably be expected to assume that most epidemiological surveys seriously underestimate the extent of problem and pathological gambling. Alternative strategies for addressing these issues are discussed. These strategies include the use of field interviews, surveys of institutionalized populations, frequent player surveys and significant other surveys. The value and potential problems of these approaches are also discussed.

Keywords

Epidemiological Study Potential Problem Alternative Strategy Survey Instrument Pathological Gambling 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abbott, M. & Volberg, R. (1992).Gambling and problem gambling in New Zealand: A report on phase two of the national survey. Wellington, New Zealand: Department of Internal Affairs.Google Scholar
  2. Abbott, M. & Volberg, R. (1991).Gambling and problem gambling in New Zealand: A report on phase one of the national survey. Wellington, New Zealand: Department of Internal Affairs.Google Scholar
  3. Baseline Marketing Research (1992).Final report prevalence study problem gambling. Prepared for Department of Finance, Province of New Brunswick: Author.Google Scholar
  4. Becoña, E. (1993). The prevalence of pathological gambling in Galicia (Spain).Journal of Gambling Studies, 9, 353–369.Google Scholar
  5. Better Government Association (1992).Better Government Association staff white paper: Casino gambling in Chicago. Chicago: Author.Google Scholar
  6. Bradburn, N. & Sudman, S. (1979).Improving interview method and questionnaire design. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  7. Bray, R.M., Kroutil, L.M., Luckey, J.W., Wheeless, S.C., Iannacchione, V.G., Anderson, D.W., Marsden, M.E. & Dunteman, G.H. (1992).Highlights 1992 worldwide survey of substance abuse and health behaviors among military personnel. Research Triangle Institute, North Carolina.Google Scholar
  8. Culleton, R.P. (1989). The prevalence rates of pathological gambling: A look at method.Journal of Gambling Studies, 5, 22–41.Google Scholar
  9. Dickerson, M. (1993). A preliminary exploration of a two-stage methodology in the assessment of the extent and degree of gambling-related problems in the Australian population. In W.R. Eadington, J. Cornelius, & J.I. Taber (Eds.)Gambling behavior and problem gambling (pp. 347–363). Reno, Nevada: Institute for the Study of Gambling and Commercial Gaming, University of Nevada, Reno.Google Scholar
  10. Dickerson, M. & Hinchy, J. (1988). The prevalence of excessive and pathological gambling in Australia.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 4, 135–151.Google Scholar
  11. Groves, R.M. (1979). Actors and questions in personal and telephone interview surveys.Public Opinion Quarterly, 43, 190–205.Google Scholar
  12. Insight Canada Research (1993).Prevalence of problem & pathological gambling in Ontario using the South Oaks Gambling Screen. Canadian Foundation on Compulsive Gambling (Ontario): Toronto.Google Scholar
  13. Jacobs, D.F. (1992, June).Prevalence of problem gambling among hospitalized adult male substance abusers. Paper presented at the Sixth National Conference on Gambling Behavior, Cleveland.Google Scholar
  14. Ladouceur, R. (1991). Prevalence estimates of pathological gamblers in Québec.Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 36, 732–734.Google Scholar
  15. Ladouceur, R. & Mireault, C. (1988). Gambling behaviors among high school students in the Quebec area.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 4, 3–12.Google Scholar
  16. Laundergan, J.C., Schaefer, J.M., Eckhoff, K.F. & Pirie, P.L. (1990).Adult survey of Minnesota gambling behavior: A benchmark. Duluth, Minnesota: Center for Addiction Studies, University of Minnesota, Duluth.Google Scholar
  17. Laventhal and Horwath (1990).A study of problem and pathological gambling among citizens of Indiana associated with participation in the Indiana State Lottery. Indianapolis: Author.Google Scholar
  18. Legarda, J.J., Babio, R. & Abreu, J.M. (1992). Prevalence estimates of pathological gambling in Seville (Spain).British Journal of Addiction, 87, 767–770.Google Scholar
  19. Lesieur, H.R. (1992). Compulsive gambling.Society, 29, May/June, 43–50.Google Scholar
  20. Lesieur, H.R. (1988). Altering the DSM-III criteria for pathological gambling.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 4, 38–47.Google Scholar
  21. Lesieur, H.R. & Blume, S.B. (1993). Revising the South Oaks Gambling Screen.Journal of Gambling Studies, 9, 213–223.Google Scholar
  22. Lesieur, H.R. & Blume, S.B. (1990). Characteristics of pathological gamblers identified among patients on a psychiatric admissions service.Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 41, 1009–1012.Google Scholar
  23. Lesieur, H.R. & Blume, S.B. (1987). The South Oaks Gambling Screen (the SOGS): A New Instrument for the Identification of Pathological Gamblers.American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 1184–1188.Google Scholar
  24. Lesieur, H.R., Blume, S.B. & Zoppa, R. (1986). Alcoholism, drug abuse and gambling.Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 10, 33–38.Google Scholar
  25. Lesieur, H.R. & Klein, R. (1985, April).Prisoners, gambling and crime. Paper presented at the annual meetings of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Las Vegas, Nevada.Google Scholar
  26. Lesieur, H.R. & Heineman, M. (1988). Pathological gambling among youthful multiple substance abusers in a therapeutic community.British Journal of Addiction, 83, 765–771.Google Scholar
  27. Lesieur, H.R. & Rosenthal, R.J. (in press). Analysis of pathological gambling for the Task Force on DSM-IV (tentative title).DSM-IV source book, Volume 4. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association Press.Google Scholar
  28. Lesieur, H.R. & Rosenthal, R.J. (1991). Pathological gambling: A review of the literature (prepared for the American Psychiatric Association Task Force on DSM-IV Committee on Disorders of Impulse Control Not Elsewhere Classified).Journal of Gambling Studies, 7, 5–40.Google Scholar
  29. Lorenz, V.C. & Yaffee, R.A. (1986) Pathological gambling: Psychosomatic, emotional, and marital difficulties as reported by the gambler.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 2, 40–49.Google Scholar
  30. National Council on Problem Gambling (1993).The need for a national policy on problem and pathological gambling in America. New York: Author.Google Scholar
  31. Omnifacts Research Limited (1993).An examination of the prevalence of gambling in Nova Scotia. For the Nova Scotia Department of Health Drug Dependency Services: Author.Google Scholar
  32. Reilly, P. & Guida, F. (1990).Pathological gambling prevalence in New Jersey 1990 final report. For New Jersey Department of Higher Education. Piscataway, New Jersey: University of Medicine and Dentistry.Google Scholar
  33. Rounsaville, B.J., Anton, S.F., Carroll, K., Budde, D., Prusoff, B.A. & Gawin, F. (1991). Psychiatric diagnoses of treatment-seeking cocaine abusers.Archives of General Psychiatry, 48, 43–51.Google Scholar
  34. Sommers, I. (1988). Pathological gambling: Estimating prevalence and group characteristics.The International Journal of the Addictions, 23, 477–490.Google Scholar
  35. Steinberg, M.A., Kosten, T.A. & Rounsaville, B.J. (1992). Cocaine abuse and pathological gambling.American Journal on Addictions, 1, 121–132.Google Scholar
  36. Volberg, R.A. (1994). The prevalence and demographics of pathological gamblers: Implications for public health.American Journal of Public Health, 84, 237–241.Google Scholar
  37. Volberg, R.A. (1993).Gambling and problem gambling among adolescents in Washington state. Report to the Washington State Lottery. Gemini Research: Albany.Google Scholar
  38. Volberg, R.A. (1989, June).Prevalence rates of problem gambling in three states. Remarks presented at the Fourth National Conference on Compulsive Gambling, Des Moines, Iowa.Google Scholar
  39. Volberg, R.A. & Banks, S.M. (1990). A review of two measures of pathological gambling in the United States.Journal of Gambling Studies, 6, 153–163.Google Scholar
  40. Volberg, R.A. with Precision Marketing, Inc. (1993, April).Gambling with problem gambling among Native Americans in North Dakota. Report to the North Dakota Department of Human Services, Division of Mental Health. Gemini Research: Albany.Google Scholar
  41. Volberg, R.A. & Steadman, H.J. (1989). Prevalence estimates of pathological gambling in New Jersey and Maryland.American Journal of Psychiatry, 146, 1618–1619.Google Scholar
  42. Volberg, R.A. & Steadman, H.J. (1988). Refining prevalence rates of pathological gambling.American Journal of Psychiatry, 145, 502–505.Google Scholar
  43. Templer, D.J., Kaiser, G. & Siscoe, K. (1993). Correlates of pathological gambling propensity in prison inmates.Comprehensive Psychiatry, 34, 347–351.Google Scholar
  44. Wallisch, L.S. (1993a).Gambling in Texas: 1992 Texas survey of adult gambling behavior. Austin: Texas Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse.Google Scholar
  45. Wallisch, L.S. (1993b).1992 Texas survey of adolescent gambling behavior. Texas Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse: Austin.Google Scholar
  46. Winters, K.C. & Stinchfield, R.D. (1993).Gambling behavior among Minnesota youth: Monitoring change from 1990 to 1991/1992. Center for Adolescent Substance Abuse, University of Minnesota: Minneapolis.Google Scholar
  47. Wynne Resources (1994).Gambling and problem gambling in Alberta: Final report. Edmonton, Alberta: Author.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henry R. Lesieur
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Criminal Justice SciencesIllinois State UniversityNormal

Personalised recommendations