Journal of Traumatic Stress

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 441–454 | Cite as

The impact of the holocaust on the second generation: Norwegian Jewish holocaust survivors and their children

  • Ellinor F. Major
Regular Articles


The entire population of Norwegian-born Jews who survived the German concentration camps and their children was examined, and compared to Norwegian-born Jews who escaped to Sweden, and their children. An attempt is made to look for the symptoms described as a “second generation syndrome” by several authors. The present findings do not support the presence of serious psychopathology among the children of Norwegian-born Jewish survivors as a group, but indicate a certain degree of psychological vulnerability among these children. As adults, they are more often engaged in health/social care professions and organizations and also show signs of greater assimilation to their non-Jewish surroundings than the comparison group.

Key words

concentration camp survivors second generation Holocaust syndrome 


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Copyright information

© International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ellinor F. Major
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Disaster PsychiatryUniversity of Oslo/The Joint Norwegian Armed Forces Medical ServicesOsloNorway

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