Communications in Mathematical Physics

, Volume 175, Issue 1, pp 1–42

The Euler-Poincaré equations and double bracket dissipation

  • Anthony Bloch
  • P. S. Krishnaprasad
  • Jerrold E. Marsden
  • Tudor S. Ratiu

DOI: 10.1007/BF02101622

Cite this article as:
Bloch, A., Krishnaprasad, P.S., Marsden, J.E. et al. Commun.Math. Phys. (1996) 175: 1. doi:10.1007/BF02101622


This paper studies the perturbation of a Lie-Poisson (or, equivalently an Euler-Poincaré) system by a special dissipation term that has Brockett's double bracket form. We show that a formally unstable equilibrium of the unperturbed system becomes a spectrally and hence nonlinearly unstable equilibrium after the perturbation is added. We also investigate the geometry of this dissipation mechanism and its relation to Rayleigh dissipation functions. This work complements our earlier work (Bloch, Krishnaprasad, Marsden and Ratiu [1991, 1994]) in which we studied the corresponding problem for systems with symmetry with the dissipation added to the internal variables; here it is added directly to the group or Lie algebra variables. The mechanisms discussed here include a number of interesting examples of physical interest such as the Landau-Lifschitz equations for ferromagnetism, certain models for dissipative rigid body dynamics and geophysical fluids, and certain relative equilibria in plasma physics and stellar dynamics.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony Bloch
    • 1
  • P. S. Krishnaprasad
    • 2
  • Jerrold E. Marsden
    • 3
  • Tudor S. Ratiu
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Department of Electrical Engineering and Institute for Systems ResearchUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  3. 3.Control and Dynamical Systems 104-44California Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  4. 4.Department of MathematicsUniversity of CaliforniaSanta CruzUSA

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