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Journal of Molecular Evolution

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 255–265 | Cite as

Phylogenetic relationships of the green algeVolvox carteri deduced from small-subunit ribosomal RNA comparisons

  • Helmut Rausch
  • Niels Larsen
  • Rüdiger Schmitt
Article

Summary

The 1788-nucleotide sequence of the small-subunit ribosomal RNA (srRNA) coding region from the chlorophyteVolvox carteri was determined. The secondary structure bears features typical of the universal model of srRNA, including about 40 helices and a division into four domains. Phylogenetic relationships to 17 other eukaryotes, including two other chlorophytes, were explored by comparing srRNA sequences. Similarity values and the inspection of phylogenetic trees derived by distance matrix methods revealed a close relationship betweenV. carteri andChlamydomonas reinhardtii. The results are consistent with the view that these Volvocales, and the third green alga,Nanochlorum eucaryotum, are more closely related to higher plants than to any other major eukaryotic group, but constitute a distinct lineage that has long been separated from the line leading to the higher plants.

Key words

Green algae Volvox carteri Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Small-subunit rRNA sequence Eukaryotic phylogeny 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helmut Rausch
    • 1
  • Niels Larsen
    • 2
  • Rüdiger Schmitt
    • 1
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für GenetikUniversität RegensburgRegensburgFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Biostructural Chemistry, Institute of ChemistryAarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark

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