European Journal of Clinical Microbiology

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 28–34 | Cite as

Comparison of immunological methods for diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia in biological fluids

  • S. Lenthe-Eboa
  • G. Brighouse
  • R. Auckenthaler
  • D. Lew
  • A. Zwahlen
  • P. -H. Lambert
  • F. A. Waldvogel
Article

Abstract

Five immunological tests were evaluated for their ability to detectStreptococcus pneumonine antigen in serum and urine simultaneously as a means of rapid diagnosis in 40 patients with bacteremic or non-bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia or pneumonia with other etiologies. Serum and urine were screened in parallel with counterimmunoelectrophoresis (CIE), two commercial latex agglutination kits — the Slidex pneumokit (LA-SPK) and the BactigenStreptococcus pneumoniae kit (LA-Bac) — the coagglutination Phadebact Pneumococcus test (CoA) and a newly developed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) containing the immunoglobulin G fraction from rabbit pneumococcal antiserum. The detection rate for accumulated serum in bacteremic patients was 18 % for LA-Bac, 24 % for CIE, 47 % for LA-SPK and CoA and 76 % for ELISA, whereas antigenuria was present in only 29 % for LA-SPK, 24 % for CIE, 19 % for CoA, 14 % for LA-Bac and 5 % for ELISA. Detection by ELISA of pneumococcal antigen in severely ill patients can predict bacteremia and rapidly confirm the diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia if sputum and results of blood cultures are not available.

Keywords

Internal Medicine Pneumonia Immunosorbent Assay Detection Rate Blood Culture 

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Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Lenthe-Eboa
    • 1
  • G. Brighouse
    • 2
  • R. Auckenthaler
    • 1
  • D. Lew
    • 1
  • A. Zwahlen
    • 1
  • P. -H. Lambert
    • 2
  • F. A. Waldvogel
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of MedicineHôpital Cantonal UniversitaireGeneva 4Switzerland
  2. 2.W. H. O. Immunology Research and Training Center, Department of PathologyCentre Médical UniversitaireGeneva 4Switzerland

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