European Journal of Clinical Microbiology

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 4–10 | Cite as

Laboratory diagnosis of infections caused by Legionellae

  • P. H. Edelstein
Review

Abstract

Legionnaires' disease can be diagnosed by detection of antibody to the organism or by direct detection of the bacterium and/or its products using immunological means, culture or a DNA probe. Culture isolation, still the most specific and sensitive test, can be done with sputum samples if proper selective techniques are used. Antibody detection is more suited for epidemiological purposes than individual cases. It has been overused to the exclusion of more specific and rapid methods, such as culture and other means of bacterial detection. Immunofluorescent microscopy remains an important tool in diagnosis, although urinary antigen detection and DNA probes are promising alternative tests. For optimal sensitivity, culture must be performed, regardless of which test is used.

Keywords

Internal Medicine Individual Case Sensitive Test Direct Detection Rapid Method 

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Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. H. Edelstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pathology and Laboratory MedicineHospital of the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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